THE MINISTRY OF HIGHER AND SECONDARY SPECIAL
EDUCATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTANUZBEK STATE WORLD LANGUAGES UNIVERSITYENGLISH PHILOLOGY FACULTY
"ENGLISH STYLISTICS" DEPARTMENT
"THE PECULIARITIES OF NEWS REPORTS IN ENGLISH MASS MEDIA TEXTS"
Written by the student of the 3course316"B" Djabbarov Ziyoviddin
Scientific supervisor:: Osipova O.B
Introduction1 The Newspaper as a functional style
1.1 Functional styles
.2 The Characteristics of News Styles
Chapter 2. The Peculiarities of News Reporting (Brief news items) in English mass media texts
.1 Mass Media Language
.1.2 Weather reporting
.1.4 Commercial Advertising
.2 Analysis of brief news items
language mass media stylistic
In Introduction I want to tell shortly what functional style is. It is a system of interrelated language means serving a definite aim in communication. It is the coordination of the language means and stylistic devices which shape the distinctive features of each style.style, however, can be recognized by one or more leading features which are especially conspicuous. For instance, the use of special terminology is a lexical characteristics of the style of scientific prose, and one by which it can easily be recognized. A style of language can be defined as a system of coordinated, interrelated and inter-coordinated language means intended to full-fill a specific function of communication and aiming at a defined effect. The English literary system has evolved a number of styles easily distinguishable one from another. They are not homogeneous and fall into several variants of having some central point of resemblance or better to say. All integrated by the invariant the abstract ideal system.are:
1) Official (documents and papers);
) Scientific (brochures, articles, other scientific publications);
) Publicistic (essay, public speech);
) Newspaper style (mass media);
) Belles-lettres style (genre of creative writing);style is employed in professional communication to convey some information. Its most conspicuous feature is the abundance of terms denoting objects, phenomena and processes characteristics of some particular field of science and technique. Also it is characterized by the clarity of logical cohesion. Official style is the most conservative one. It uses syntactical constructions and sometimes archaic words. Emotiveness is banned out of this style. Publicistic style is famous for its explicit pragmatic function of persuasion directed at influencing the reader in accordance with the argumentation of the author. Newspaper style special graphical means are used to attract the readers attention. Belles-lettres style is the richest register of communication. Belles-lettres style has a unique task to impress the reader aesthetically.
Chapter 1. The Newspaper Style as a functional style Newspaper style.
informative materials: news in brief, headlines, ads, additional articles. But not everything published in the paper can be included in Newspaper Style (N.S) we mean publicist essays, feature articles, scient. Reviews are not N.S. to attract the readers, attention by special means used by British and American papers for example: specific headlines, space ordering. We find here a large proportion of dates, personal names of countries, institutions, individuals, achieve an effect of objectivity in rendering some fact or event most of info is published anonymously, without the name of newsman who supplied it, with little or no subjective modality. But the position of the paper becomes clear from the choice not only of subj. matter but also of words denoting international or domestic issues. Sub styles to understand the language peculiarities of English newspaper style it will be sufficient to analyze the following basic newspaper features:1) brief news items 2) advertisements and announcements;3) headlines; Brief items: its function is to inform the reader. It states only facts without giving comments. The vocabulary used is neutral and common literary. Specific features are: a) special political and economic terms; b) non-term political vocabulary; c) newspaper clichés; d) abbreviations; e) neologisms.
1.1 Functional styles
styles (FS) are the subsystems of language, each subsystem having its own peculiar features in what concern vocabulary means, syntactical constructions, and even phonetics.The appearance and existence of FS is connected with the specific conditions of communication in different spheres of human life. FS differ not only by the possibility or impossibility of using some elements but also due to the frequency of their usage. For example: some terms can appear in the colloquial style but the possibility of its appearance is quite different form the possibility to meet it in an example of scientific style.classification of Functional Style (F.S) is a very complicated problem, that is why we will consider ideas of I.R. Galperin, bearing in mind that I.R Galperin treats functional styles as patterns of the written variety of language thus excluding colloquial FS. Both scholars agree that each FS can be recognized by one or more leading features. But I.R Galperin pays more attention to the coordination of language means and stylistic devices whereas Arnold connects the specific features of each FS with its peculiarities in the sphere of communication. According to I.R. Galperin, a functional style of language is a system of interrelated language means which serves a definite aim in communication. A functional style should be regarded as the product of a certain concrete task set by the sender of the message. Functional styles appear mainly in the literary standard of the language. These represent varieties of the abstract invariant and can deviate from the invariant, even breaking away with it.FS is a relatively stable system at the given stage in the development of the literary language, but it changes, and sometimes considerably, from one period to another. Therefore FS is a historical category. Thus, for example in the 17th century it was considered that not all words can be used in poetry, and that a separate poetic style exists. Later, in the 19th century romanticism rejected the norms of poetic style and introduced new vocabulary to poetry. The development of each style is predetermined by the changes in the norms of standard English. It is also greatly influenced by changing social conditions, the progress of science and the development of cultural life. Every functional style of language is marked by a specific use of language means, thus establishing its own norms which, however, are subordinated to the norm-invariant and which do not violate the general notion of the literary norm. The writers of the given period in the development of the literary language contribute greatly to establishing the system of norms of their period. It is worth noting that the investigations of language norms at a given period are to great extent maintained on works of men of letters. Selection, or deliberate choice of language, and the ways the chosen elements are treated are the main distinctive features of individual style. Individual style is a unique combination of language units, expressive means and stylistic devices peculiar to a given writer, which makes that writer's works or even utterances easily recognizable . Naturally, the individual style of a writer will never be entirely independent of the literary norms and canons of the given period. But the adaptations of these canons will always be peculiar and therefore distinguishable. Individual style is based on a thorough knowledge of the contemporary language and allows certain justifiable deviations from the rigorous norms. Individual style requires to be studied in a course of stylistics in so far as it makes use of the potentialities of language means, whatever the characters of these potentialities may be.All men of letters have a peculiar individual manner of using language means to achieve the effect they desire. Writers choose language means deliberately. This process should be distinguished from language peculiarities which appear in everyday speech of this or that particular individual (idiolect).stylePublistic (P.S) style is a perfect for example: historical changeability of stylistic differentiation of discourses. In Greece it was practiced in oral form which was named P.S in accordance with the name of its corresponding genre. P.S is famous for its explicit pragmatic function of persuasion directed at influencing the reader and shaping his views in accordance with the argumentation of the author. We find in PS a blend of the rigorous logical reasoning, reflecting the objective state of things and a strong subjectivity reflecting the authors personal feelings and emotions towards the discussed subject. Sub styles: The oratory essays, journalistic articles, radio and TV commentary. Oratory it makes use of a great humbler of expressive means to arouse and keep the public's interest: repetition, gradation, antithesis, rhetorical questions, emotive words, elements of colloquial speech. Radio and TV commentary is less impersonal and more expressive and emotional. The essay is very subjective and the most colloquial of the all sub