In this assignment I tried best to emphasize deeply on future tense. Usually it is thought to be the simplest and easiest of all tenses in English by maximum number of people specially students in Non-English countries. But, a lot of us do not know the complexity of the Future Tense. The fact is that this might be as complex as other tenses, i.e The present and The future tenses. We often do not feel the complexity of this tense while using, and even the listener, sometimes the native speaker of English language would not be able to find out the errors, or may be he or she would be able to find out the errors but would rather neglect or would not have time to discuss because these mistakes at the first place are too small to be picked out for discussion. But here I will try my best to express thoroughly the usage of all Future tenses and the usage of shall and Will.
1. Expressions of future tense
main concept of the future tense however remains more complicated than it is itself. It varies from time and situations. A native speaker may use typical expressions about what he or she is going to do in future but it does not carries the typical meanings but sometimes more complicated intention and it also varies from speakers conviction. This happens because of two main reasons when we do not understand the native speaker:
The absolute value of the future tenserelative value of the future tense
The first thing we should keep in mind is that around 99% non English speaking people (here I mean to say only some of us do know) use the absolute value of the future tense. Absolute value of the future tense means a traditional way in which we have learned and read about future tense in schools and colleges. So there are some typical standards which we know and use them traditionally when we speak in English.comes the relative value of the future tense. This is more complex part which is defined in my this assignment thoroughly. There are a lot of chances that complexity may vary from situation to situation and sometimes even from person to person., a given language may exhibit more than one strategy for expressing futurity. In addition, the verb forms used for the future tense can also be used to express other types of meaning. For example, «will», in English, may express direct volition as well as mark the future form of a verb. The auxiliary werden «become» is used for both the future tense and the passive voice in German.
2. The Future Tense
.What is a tense?is a Tense? [The word tense comes from Latin tempus, time.] We have three kinds of time,
What ever we say and whenever we say, it is related to a particular time. It can not happen that you say a sentence and it is not related to any tense. So tenses are very important in any language. Here you must note that every language does not have grammar, but still they are spoken. But a lot of languages are those which do have grammar and rules and regulations. Tenses does not mean to learn only structures and then you are on your way to using them. But here we shall only emphasize on the Future Tenses.
2.The future tense «Going to»commonly used future sentences in our daily life are made up of «Going To» although we just dont feel that we are using future tense, because we want to or intend to express things in Present Tense but «Going to» slightly refers to Future Tense.future tenses are itself very simple tenses of their kind. But still we cannot say while working in depth with future tenses specially when using future tenses in the past. There is no one 'future tense' in English. There are 4 future forms. The one which is used most often in spoken English is 'going to', not 'will'.use 'going to' when we want to talk about a plan for the future: for example,'m going to see him later today.'re going to launch it next month.'re going to have lunch first.please Notice that this plan does not have to be for the near future.I retire I'm going to go back to Barbados to live.ten years time, I'm going to be boss of my own successful company.use 'going to' when we want to make a prediction based on evidence we can see now.out! That cup is going to fall off.at those black clouds. It's going to rain soon., a very interesting question arises in our minds that «can we replace 'going to go' by 'going'»? The answer is «Yes», we can.'m going out later.'s going to the exhibition tomorrow.please note that:
«I'm going to Germany.» isn't really the future tense. (This is just Present Indefinite.)you want to say it in a future form you will have to say:'m going to go to Germany.
We say something is going to happen when it has already been planned.example:: Where are you going on holiday this year?: We're going to Spain.also use it to show something has already been decided.example:'re going to buy a new car next year.also use going to when we can see something is about to happen.
.What does actually Shall or Will means?people who live in non-english speaking countries do not really know or do not make an appropriate usage of will or shall.
1. (auxiliary verb.) will(is, are, etc.) about or going to:will be there tomorrow. She will see you at dinner.
2. will(is, are, etc.) disposed or willing to:will do right.
3. will(is, are, etc.) expected or required to:will report to the principal at once.
4. willbe expected or supposed to:will not have forgotten him.
5. will(is, are, etc.) determined or sure to (used emphatically):will talk.
6. will(is, are, etc.) accustomed to, or do usually or often:would write for hours at a time.
7. will(is, are, etc.) habitually disposed or inclined to:will be tyrants.
8. will(is, are, etc.) capable of; can:tree will live without water for three months.
9. (v.i.) willwish; desire; like:what you will. Ask, if you will, who the owner is.
10. (n.) willfaculty of conscious and particularly of deliberate action:freedom of the will.
3.2 Definition of 'Shall'
. shallto or intend to:shall go later.
2. shallhave to or is determined to:shall do it. He shall do it.
(in laws, directives, etc.) must; is or are obliged to:meetings shall be public.
(used interrogatively):we go?
5. shallto offer, suggest, or ask politelyI make some drinks?
6. shallwith «I» and «we» to talk about the futureshall be away that week.
7. shallto give legal instructionsdefendant shall not be required to pay any damages.
8. shallowe; to be under obligation for
9. shallbe obliged; must
4. The future tense «Shall or Will» Or Future Indefinite Tense
Expressing Future in Time Clause or value:
Observe the following example;will come soon. When Aslam comes, we will talk to him.
«When Aslam comes» is a time clause.+ Subject + 1st form of a verb = a time clause.: Will or be going to is not used in a time clause. The meaning of the clause is furute, but the Simple Present is used.time clause begins with such words as when, before, after, as soon as, until and includes a subject and a verb. The time clause can some either at the beginning of a sentence or in the second part of a sentence:he comes, we'll see him.:'ll see him when he comes
To express a Prediction:
Use either WILL or GOING TO;
(a) According to the weather report, it will be cloudy tomorrow.
(b) According to the weather report, it is going to be cloudy tomorrow.both of the sentences the speaker is making a prediction (a statement about something which he or she thinks will be true in the future). So, there is no difference between the both.
To express a PRIOR PLAN:
Use only GOING TO;: Why did you buy this watch?: I am going to gift it to my friend. Here you can observe that (B) bought a watch and his plan is to gift that watch in the future. In other words, the desicion or plan of gifting the watch was already taken.
To express decisions taken at the time of speaking:
Use only WILL;: What are you doing now a days?: I'm learning English.: Really! Is the institute good and inexpensive?: Yes, it is.: I will also take admission in that institute.
To express Willingness:
Use only Will;means that you are ready to volunteer for something.: The phone's ringing. B: I'll get it.the above example, B: is saying that he is willing and happy to answer the phone. He is not predicting. He has made no prior plan to answer the phone. He is, instead, volunteering to answer the phone and uses WILL to show his willingness.
Completed Action Before Something in the FutureFuture Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future. It can also show that something will happen before a specific time in the future.
·By next November, I will have received my promotion.
·By the time he gets home, she is going to have cleaned the entire house.
·I am not going to have finished this test by 3 o'clock.
·Will she have learned enough Chinese to communicate before she moves to Beijing?
·Sam is p