Pylyp Orlyk and his constitution

%20and%20small%20groups%20of%20Cossacks%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/cossacks-3>,%20Orlyk%20carried%20out%20unsuccessful%20raids%20into%20Right-bank%20Ukraine%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/right-bank-ukraine>.%20Afterwards,%20Pylyp%20Orlyk%20now%20together%20with%20several%20other%20cossacks%20followed%20the%20Swedish%20king%20Charles%20XII%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/charles-xii>%20to%20Sweden%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/sweden>%20via%20Vienna%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/vienna>%20and%20Stralsund%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/stralsund>.%20Orlyk%20with%20his%20wife%20Hanna%20Hertsyk%20and%20six%20children%20arrived%20in%20Ystad%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/ystad-1>,%20Sweden%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/sweden>%20on%20the%20new%20year's%20day%20of%201716.%20They%20now%20lived%20in%20the%20city%20of%20Kristianstad%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/kristianstad>%20for%20some%20years.%20Orlyk%20and%20his%20family%20left%20Stockholm%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/stockholm>%20in%201720%20but%20as%20late%20as%201747%20his%20widow%20and%20children%20received%20financial%20support%20from%20the%20Parliament%20of%20Sweden%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/parliament-of-sweden>.%20From%20Sweden%20Orlyk%20first%20went%20to%20Hamburg%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/hamburg>,%20Hannover%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/hanover>,%20Prague%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/prague>,%20Wroc%d1%96aw%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/wroc-aw-1>%20and%20Krak%d1%83w%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/krak-w-2>,%20where%20he%20left%20his%20family%20to%20stay%20in%20a%20monastery.%20Orlyk%20went%20on%20to%20France%20and%20in%201722%20he%20arrived%20in%20Ia%d1%94i%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/ia-i-1>%20in%20Ottoman%20Turkey%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/turkey-1>%20in%20order%20to%20organize%20an%20alliance%20against%20Russian%20Empire%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/russian-empire>.%20From%20there%20he%20went%20on%20to%20Thessaloniki%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/thessaloniki>%20and%20from%20the%20mid%201730s%20he%20is%20known%20to%20have%20lived%20in%20Budjak%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/budjak>.%20He%20died%201742.>Between 1711 and 1714, together with Crimean Tatars <http://www.answers.com/topic/crimean-tatars> and small groups of Cossacks <http://www.answers.com/topic/cossacks-3>, Orlyk carried out unsuccessful raids

Pylyp Orlyk and his constitution

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e. The Constitution and has not got real force, that is why there was in history as an original legal instruction, an original legal platform "Mazepas movements" and, the most important thing, as one of the first constitutional certificates in history of Europe.

Special character last years the problem of the Ukrainian language has got. This sharpness has been caused by erroneous dogmatic approaches to development of national languages throughout last 70th years. Revival national-speaking processes and national consciousness is promoted by historical language sources which Phillip Orlika's Constitution - an original language instruction of the Ukrainian people concerns. Monuments collapse eventually, people die, and written sources remain, supplemented. And from them we scoop our knows, they remind us of ours roots.

Charles Х ІІ has confirmed the approved constitution and became the guarantor of independence of Ukraine.

%20in%201709,%20he%20escaped%20together%20with%20Hetman%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/hetman>%20Ivan%20Mazepa%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/ivan-mazepa>%20and%20king%20Charles%20XII%20of%20Sweden%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/charles-xii>%20Bender%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/tighina>%20in%20the%20Principality%20of%20Moldavia%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/moldavia>,%20where%20Mazepa%20soon%20died.%20Pylyp%20Orlyk%20was%20then%20chosen%20as%20a%20Hetman%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/hetman>%20in%20exile%20by%20the%20cossacks%20and%20the%20Swedish%20king%20Charles%20XII%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/charles-xii>.%20While%20in%20Bender%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/tighina>%20Orlyk%20wrote%20one%20of%20the%20first%20state%20constitutions%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/constitution-political>%20in%20Europe.%20This%20Constitution%20of%20Pylyp%20Orlyk%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/constitution-of-pylyp-orlyk>%20was%20confirmed%20by%20Charles%20XII%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/charles-xii>%20and%20it%20also%20names%20him%20as%20the%20protector%20of%20Ukraine.%20Orlyk%20represented%20entirely%20new%20type%20of%20the%20patriot%20and%20the%20intellectual%20which%20in%20improbably%20heavy%20conditions%20of%20emigration%20did%20not%20leave%20thought%20on%20restoration%20of%20independence%20of%20the%20Ukrainian%20state.%20The%20most%20active%20conductor%20ideas,%20he%20has%20devoted%20the%20whole%20life%20to%20creation%20of%20the%20West%20European%20coalition%20which%20would%20help%20to%20release%20Ukraine.%20The%20exile,%20the%20hetman-emigrant,%20with%20small%20group%20of%20adherents%20-%20A.%20Vojnarovsky.">Having got a hetman mace, Phillip Orlik of infections undertook continuations of business of the predecessor - Ivan Mazepa. After the Battle of Poltava <http://www.answers.com/topic/battle-of-poltava> in 1709, he escaped together with Hetman <http://www.answers.com/topic/hetman> Ivan Mazepa <http://www.answers.com/topic/ivan-mazepa> and king Charles XII of Sweden <http://www.answers.com/topic/charles-xii> Bender <http://www.answers.com/topic/tighina> in the Principality of Moldavia <http://www.answers.com/topic/moldavia>, where Mazepa soon died. Pylyp Orlyk was then chosen as a Hetman <http://www.answers.com/topic/hetman> in exile by the cossacks and the Swedish king Charles XII <http://www.answers.com/topic/charles-xii>. While in Bender <http://www.answers.com/topic/tighina> Orlyk wrote one of the first state constitutions <http://www.answers.com/topic/constitution-political> in Europe. This Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk <http://www.answers.com/topic/constitution-of-pylyp-orlyk> was confirmed by Charles XII <http://www.answers.com/topic/charles-xii> and it also names him as the protector of Ukraine. Orlyk represented entirely new type of the patriot and the intellectual which in improbably heavy conditions of emigration did not leave thought on restoration of independence of the Ukrainian state. The most active conductor ideas, he has devoted the whole life to creation of the West European coalition which would help to release Ukraine. The exile, the hetman-emigrant, with small group of adherents - A. Vojnarovsky.

%20and%20small%20groups%20of%20Cossacks%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/cossacks-3>,%20Orlyk%20carried%20out%20unsuccessful%20raids%20into%20Right-bank%20Ukraine%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/right-bank-ukraine>.%20Afterwards,%20Pylyp%20Orlyk%20now%20together%20with%20several%20other%20cossacks%20followed%20the%20Swedish%20king%20Charles%20XII%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/charles-xii>%20to%20Sweden%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/sweden>%20via%20Vienna%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/vienna>%20and%20Stralsund%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/stralsund>.%20Orlyk%20with%20his%20wife%20Hanna%20Hertsyk%20and%20six%20children%20arrived%20in%20Ystad%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/ystad-1>,%20Sweden%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/sweden>%20on%20the%20new%20year's%20day%20of%201716.%20They%20now%20lived%20in%20the%20city%20of%20Kristianstad%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/kristianstad>%20for%20some%20years.%20Orlyk%20and%20his%20family%20left%20Stockholm%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/stockholm>%20in%201720%20but%20as%20late%20as%201747%20his%20widow%20and%20children%20received%20financial%20support%20from%20the%20Parliament%20of%20Sweden%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/parliament-of-sweden>.%20From%20Sweden%20Orlyk%20first%20went%20to%20Hamburg%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/hamburg>,%20Hannover%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/hanover>,%20Prague%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/prague>,%20Wroc%d1%96aw%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/wroc-aw-1>%20and%20Krak%d1%83w%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/krak-w-2>,%20where%20he%20left%20his%20family%20to%20stay%20in%20a%20monastery.%20Orlyk%20went%20on%20to%20France%20and%20in%201722%20he%20arrived%20in%20Ia%d1%94i%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/ia-i-1>%20in%20Ottoman%20Turkey%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/turkey-1>%20in%20order%20to%20organize%20an%20alliance%20against%20Russian%20Empire%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/russian-empire>.%20From%20there%20he%20went%20on%20to%20Thessaloniki%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/thessaloniki>%20and%20from%20the%20mid%201730s%20he%20is%20known%20to%20have%20lived%20in%20Budjak%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/budjak>.%20He%20died%201742.">Between 1711 and 1714, together with Crimean Tatars <http://www.answers.com/topic/crimean-tatars> and small groups of Cossacks <http://www.answers.com/topic/cossacks-3>, Orlyk carried out unsuccessful raids into Right-bank Ukraine <http://www.answers.com/topic/right-bank-ukraine>. Afterwards, Pylyp Orlyk now together with several other cossacks followed the Swedish king Charles XII <http://www.answers.com/topic/charles-xii> to Sweden <http://www.answers.com/topic/sweden> via Vienna <http://www.answers.com/topic/vienna> and Stralsund <http://www.answers.com/topic/stralsund>. Orlyk with his wife Hanna Hertsyk and six children arrived in Ystad <http://www.answers.com/topic/ystad-1>, Sweden <http://www.answers.com/topic/sweden> on the new year's day of 1716. They now lived in the city of Kristianstad <http://www.answers.com/topic/kristianstad> for some years. Orlyk and his family left Stockholm <http://www.answers.com/topic/stockholm> in 1720 but as late as 1747 his widow and children received financial support from the Parliament of Sweden <http://www.answers.com/topic/parliament-of-sweden>. From Sweden Orlyk first went to Hamburg <http://www.answers.com/topic/hamburg>, Hannover <http://www.answers.com/topic/hanover>, Prague <http://www.answers.com/topic/prague>, Wrocіaw <http://www.answers.com/topic/wroc-aw-1> and Krakуw <http://www.answers.com/topic/krak-w-2>, where he left his family to stay in a monastery. Orlyk went on to France and in 1722 he arrived in Iaєi <http://www.answers.com/topic/ia-i-1> in Ottoman Turkey <http://www.answers.com/topic/turkey-1> in order to organize an alliance against Russian Empire <http://www.answers.com/topic/russian-empire>. From there he went on to Thessaloniki <http://www.answers.com/topic/thessaloniki> and from the mid 1730s he is known to have lived in Budjak <http://www.answers.com/topic/budjak>. He died 1742.

Conclusions

 

 

,%20and%20then%20passed%20through%20central%20Europe%20to%20the%20relative%20safety%20of%20the%20Ottoman%20lands.%20On%202%20November%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/november-2-1>%201722%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/1722>%e2%80%a6%20the%20fifty-year-old%20Orlyk%20was%20ordered%20by%20the%20Porte%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/porte>%20to%20Salonica.%20There%20this%20cultivated%20and%20warm-hearted%20man%20spent%20no%20less%20than%20twelve%20years%20in%20exile,%20watching%20the%20twists%20and%20turns%20of%20European%20politics%20from%20the%20sidelines%20while%20his%20impoverished%20wife%20remained%20in%20Cracow%20<http://www.answers.com/topic/krak-w-2>%20and%20his%20eight%20children%20were%20dispersed%20throughout%20Europe.%20Only%20in%20March%201734%20was%20he%20released,%20thanks%20to%20French%20intervention,%20and%20allowed%20to%20move%20north;%20still%20trying%20to%20organize%20an%20uprising%20in%20the%20Ukraine,%20he%20died%20in%20poverty%20nine%20years%20later.%20Orlyk's%20misfortune%20has%20proved%20to%20be%20the%20historian's%20gain,%20for%20from%20the%20day%20of%20his%20arrival%20he%20kept%20a%20diary%20which%20offers%20a%20unique%20insight%20into%20the%20eighteenth-century%20city%e2%80%a6%20His%20urgent%20scrawl%20gives%20access%20not%20only%20to%20his%20voluminous%20political%20correspondence,%20most%20of%20which%20-%20in%20Latin,%20French,%20

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