Professional sea English language

1. Off-lying dangers. - An approachа) Песок Р. на юго-западной сторонеto S. isles from south-westward orканала простирается на полторыwestward requires

Professional sea English language

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ng instruction stating that you cannot leave because you have an engine breakdown.

'Instruction: leave berth number one-six immediately'

  1. Ask for a doctor because a crewman has severe stomach pains.
  2. Inform the harbour master that you are not able to leave at 07:30 local because bunkering is delayed.
  3. Warn another ship (Eros) that you are unable to stop because of engine breakdown. Own ship name Spartan.
  4. Warn ships to proceed with extreme caution because a dredger is operating in fairway.

of Standard Phrases defined by use and response

ClarificationStandard phraseMeaningTranslationResponse (phrase/action)CorrectionI've just made a mistake in this transmission. The information should be ...ИсправляюMistakeThere is a mistake in your last transmission. The information should be...В вашем последнем сообщении ошибкаCorrectionPlease speak in fullDo not abbreviate your messages.Не пользуйтесь сокращениямиRespondent ceases to abbreviate.Please speak slowlySpeak slowly. I'm having difficulty in following or understandingГоворите медленнее.Respondent speaks more slowly.Please spell...Spell... using the phonetic alphabet.Прошу произнести по буквамI spell...I will spell...Произношу по буквам.Say againRepeat your messageПовторите1 say againI say againI will repeat...Повторяюdiagram of a two-ship exchange /Stage 3,4/


Step 9

listen for a short period on before switching back to the appropriate Watchkeeping VHF channel.40. Work in pairs. Make the correct Message transmission (step 6) and the correct respond to Message (step?) and the End procedure (steps 8, 9) as in the diagram

exchange roles and repeat the exercise./ URGENCY/ SAFETY MESSAGESto use Distress, Urgency and Safety procedureMAYDAY MAYDAYship or aircraft is threatened by grave and imminent danger, and requests immediate assistance.: MAYDAY (3) The engine room is on fire! Require immediate assistance!PAN-PAN PAN-PAN PANstation sending it has a very urgent message to transmit concerning the safety of a ship, aircraft or other vehicle, or the safety of a person.: PAN PAN (3) Main engine breakdown. Not under command. Require towing.SECURITE-SECURITE

(pronounced SAY-CURE-TAY) The station sending it has a message to transmit containing an important navigational or meteorological warning: SECURITE (3) there is a dangerous wreck in position... Navigate with caution.9the following words after the speaker

- Distress- Mayday- Urgency- Pan Pan- Safety- SecuriteExercise 41.Choose the right variant1. Distressа)срочностьЬ)бедствиес)безопасность2. Urgencyа)безопасностьЬ)срочностьс)бедствие3. Safetyа)бедствиеЬ)срочностьс)безопаснос!ъ42. What signal do you use for announcing the following assistance?

  1. Engine room is on fire. Require immediate assistance.
  2. Main engine breakdown. Not under command. Require towing.
  3. Sighted unlightened derelict vessel adrift. Keep sharp lookout.
  4. I have lost a man overboard. Help with search and rescue.
  5. There is a dangerous wreck in position... navigate with caution.
  6. I need help. I am sinking.

Exercise 43. Choose the right procedure

1.Your ship is sinking and you need a lifeboat to come to your rescue.

  1. distress procedure
  2. urgency procedure
  3. safety procedure

2.Your propeller has dropped off in a gale two miles off Cape Guardafui with an onshore wind

  1. distress procedure
  2. urgency procedure
  3. safety procedure

3.Your propeller has dropped off, one hundred miles from cape Guardfui, with an off-shore wind.

  1. distress procedure
  2. urgency procedure
  3. safety procedure

4.You are not under command and you wish to warn other shipping to keep clear.

  1. distress procedure
  2. urgency procedure
  3. safety procedure

5.You see a ship sinking, and you wish to advise the appropriate SAR(Search and Rescue) authorities.

  1. distress procedure
  2. urgency procedure
  3. safety procedure

Example of an Initial Distress Message

  1. distress signals MAYDAY MAYDAY MAYDAY
  2. name of the ship in distress this is RA TILER RA TILER
  3. distress signal MAYDAY
  4. name of the ship and its callsign Rattler, GOLFXRAYXRAYXRAY
  5. Position of the ship in distress

Position: latitude: 039 degrees 20 minutes North, longitude: 039 degrees 20 minutes West.

  1. Nature of distress Collision with iceberg, sinking.
  2. The assistance which is required Request: immediate assistance. Over.

Example of an Urgency Message

  2. This is VEGA VEGA VEGA
  3. PAN- PAN
  5. Position: bearing 090 degrees true, from Ras SARKAN; distance: 15 miles
  6. Lost propeller
  7. Require tow.
  8. Over

Example of an Initial Safety Transmission

  2. All ships (may be repeated if thought necessary)
  3. This is Arcadia Arcadia Arcadia
  4. Securite
  5. Arcadia, Charlie, Alfa, Alfa, Alfa.
  6. Navigational information; Decca warning
  7. Switch to VHF channel 06
  8. Over

Exercise 44. What they have in common is that they may have to be transmitted under pressure, without time to refer to a bridge book or other manual, and it is important that they are correctly handled

a)Write out the appropriate message for the following circumstances:

You are sinking, due to collision with a submerged object, which has punctured the hull in the area of nos. 4 and 5 and double bottom tanks. The ballast line non-return valves have failed, probably due to grit in the valve seatings. It is now 15:00 ship's time, and you are keeping zone +11. Your dead reckoning position is 25 degrees and ten minutes south, 160 and half degrees west.

b)Write out the appropriate message for the following circumstances:

Your chief engineer has fallen down an engine room ladder. He has broken both legs and is bleeding from the mouth. It is 03.20 in the afternoon and Quessant lighthouse is 8 miles bearing 195 from your ship. There is no doctor or proper medical facility on board




PART I. Vocabulary and reading

these words orally. Repeat them after the teacher. Learn them by heart»- Bulk cargo - массовый груз (насыпной, навалочный, наливной)

^ Commodity - предмет потребления, товар

r^ Compartment - отделение, отсек, перегородка

г^ Crane подъёмный кран

^ Crate - клеть

Ф* Crude oil - сырая (неочищенная) нефть

$>- Derrick - подъёмная стрела

fc** Discharge - разгружать

fe" Double bottom - двойное дно

(^ Dry bulk cargo - навалочный груз

$*■ Edible oils - съедобное масло (растительное)

fa»* Fuel - топливо

fc" Freighter - 1. фрахтователь, 2. грузовое судно

\^ Fertilizer - удобрение

fc* General cargo - генеральный хруз

^ Gra6 - черпак, ковш

^ Graz'w - зерно

ft>* Heavy cargo - тяжеловесный груз

^ Hold -трюм

ft*- Homeport - порт базирования (приписки, регистрации)

^ Inland waterways внутренние водные пути

гЪ" £/wer - лайнер, пароход, совершающий регулярные рейсы

^ Liquid cargo - жидкий груз

г^ То load- грузить

^ Longitudinal - (прил.) продольный, по долготе.

(сущ.) продольный элемент конструкции т^ Lubricating oil - смазочное масло £>- Merchant - торговый, коммерческий fa* Ore - руда

г*" Petroleum - 1. нефть, 2. керосин г^ Рог? of call - порт захода г^ Port of destination - порт назначения fa3" Pre-arranged - подготовленный заранее ^ Го provide - обеспечивать ^ Pump - насос

$>■ Refrigerated cargo - рефрижераторный груз г*" Schedule - расписание, 1рафик, план, режим г*" Timber - лесоматериалы

ft*" Tramp трамповое судно (грузовое судно, не работающее на определённых рейсах)

ft^ Transverse - поперечный $*■ Tweendeck - твиндек Р5^ Stability - (здесь) остойчивость ft5- Storage - хранение

Generally speaking a vessel can be classified to the purpose she serves. The most common purposes are:

  1. transportation of cargo or/ and passengers;
  2. assistance and service (by so called ''special purpose vessels");
  3. the catching offish (fishermen);
  4. peace keeping( war ships).

Liners and Tramps

Vessels that have been designed to transport cargo or/ and passengers are called merchant ships. They may be classified as liners or tramps.liner carries cargoes between two fixed destinations.sailing schedule has been prearranged - she has a fixed homeport, port of destination andport(s) of call, and fixed ETA 's and ETD 's (Estimated Times of Arrival and Estimated Times of Departure). A liner-vessel is allowed to carry up to 12 passengers.that carry cargoes according to schedules that are not fixed are called tramps., ports of destination, ports of call, ETA's and ETD's differ with every voyage.tramp is not allowed to carry any passengers.ships may carry general cargoes, hulk cargoes, refrigerated cargoes, heavy cargoes, timber, and many many more.Cargo Shipscargo is cargo that has been packed in crates, boxes or bags, or cargo coming in pieces (unpacked cargo items).is loaded and discharged by the vessel's own derricks or by shore based cranes.conventional general cargo ship has several tweendecks.


Bulk Carrierscargo is unp

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