Professional sea English language

1. Off-lying dangers. - An approachа) Песок Р. на юго-западной сторонеto S. isles from south-westward orканала простирается на полторыwestward requires

Professional sea English language

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23751083924A reads to В87155623412В reads to A372591849A reads to В35528197265В reads to A222418210256A reads to В9543685188В reads to Aof measurements and quantities

1.Measurements must always he given in the following order:

  • what is being measured (length, draught, speed, etc)
  • the numbers e.g. two-five-zero, etc)
  • the units of measurements (metres, knots, tones, etc) e.g. length: two-flve-zero metres

NB: bearings and courses are measured in 360-degrees/ three figure notation.use 9° =nine degrees! Always use 009° zero-zero nine degrees!

2.Quantities of items (e.g. cylinders, brushes) must be expressed by the word quantity follow ed by the number and the name of the item.

e.g. 24 cylinder would be spoken as: quantity: two-four cylinders

3.Different ways of expressing the thing measured: If the measurement or quantity e.g. for draught: salt water draught, draught forward, draught aft, maxi mum draught, loaded draught; then the category used must be stated.

e.g. My salt water draught is: two-five metres22, The following pieces of information are not expressed in a form suitable for transmission. Convert each one to the form suitable for VHF procedures. Write them down and then practise transmitting the items orally Example: 9 - zero-zero-nine degreesfive metres deep= depth: two-five metresspeed to 5 knots ~ reduce speed: new speed five knots

  1. 90
  2. one-hundred and twenty nautical miles
  3. 250 meters (length)
  4. twenty four coils of rope
  5. 10 knots (wind speed)
  6. increase speed to 10 knots
  7. 10 meters (salt water draught)
  8. 18 meters (draught)
  9. My tonnage is 30000 GROSS

10.My ETA at buoy 25 is 17.00 GMT

Exercise 23. Convert the following items of information into the form suitable for VHF in writing

  1. We proceed at a speed of 14 knots.
  2. We'll get the anchorage in half an hour.
  3. The depth at the anchorage is 18 fathoms.
  4. My draught now is 8.2m. fore, 8.8m aft, length is 140m.
  5. The total amount of bags is 3717.

524. Listen to the recording and repeat after the speaker. Learn them by heart


InitialsFrom the spelling of:Translation:ACAlternating currentПерпемеиный токAMAmplitude modulationАмплитудная модуляцияВНРBrake horsepowerТормозная мощностьCGCentre of gravity; or Coast Guard of US), or coastguard (UK)Центр тяжести; береговая охрана (США), береговая охрана (Великобритания)CPAClosest point of approachТочка кратчайшего сближенияC02Carbon dioxideУглекислотаCRTCathode ray tubeКатодно-лучевая трубкаDCDirect currentПостоянный токDFDirection findingПеленгаторEPEstimated positionРасчётное местоположениеETAEstimated Time of ArrivalРасчётное время прибытияETDEstimated Time of DepartureРасчётное время отправления (отхода)FMFrequency modulationЧастотная модуляцияGMMetacentric heightМетацентрическая высотаGMTGreenwich Mean TimeВремя, скоординированное по ГринвичуHFHigh frequencyВысокая частотаIHPIndicated horsepowerИндикаторная мощностьMOInternational Maritime OrganizationМеждународная Морская ОрганизацияLFLow frequencyНизкая частотаLNGLiquefied natural gasСудно-газовоз для сжиженных природных газовLOPLine of positionLPGLiquefied petroleum gasСудно-газовоз для сжиэюенных нефтяных газовMCTMoment to change trimМомент, изменяющий дифферентMFMedium frequencyСредняя частотаPPJPlan position indicator (radar screen)Экран радараRTRadio telephonyРадиотелефонияSARSearch and rescueПоиск и спасениеSHPShaft horsepowerВаловая мощностьSSBSingle side bandTPCTones per centimeterТонны на сантиметрTPITones per inchТонны на дюймTRSTropical revolving stormТропический штормUHFUltra high frequencyУльтравысокая частотаULCCUltra-large crude(oil) carrierUNUnited NationsООНUTCCo-ordinated universal timeВсемирно координированное времяVHFVery high frequencyУКВVLCCVery large crude (oil) carrierVLFVery low frequencyОчень низкая частотаWTWireless telegraphyБеспроводная телеграфияAMVERAutomated Mutual Vessel Rescue systemАвтоматизированная спасательная система судовIALAInternational Association of Lighthouse AuthoritiesLASHLighter Aboard Ship systemЛихтеровозOBOOil/Bulk Ore shipНефтерудовозRASReplenishment At SeaRo-RoRoll On-Roll OffSATCOMSATellite COMmunicationСпутниковая коммуникацияSATNAVSATellite NA VigationСпутниковая навигация25. Listen to the recording, which lists 6 abbreviations. They are spoken in three different sequences. Write them down in each case26. Say the abbreviations for the following terms

  • Search and Rescue
  • International Maritime Organization
  • Co-ordinated Universal Time
  • Satellite communication
  • Estimated Time of Departure -Roll On-Roll Off
  • Greenwich Mean Time


- Very High Frequency -Estimated Time of Arrival27. Give the full form for the following abbreviations









VHF, Periods of time and dates General rules

  1. Time is given in the same way as other measurements. The word time or a phrase containing the word time (e.g. ETA, ETD) will precede the numbers used.
  2. The unit of time may be GMT, UTC or local

e.g. time: One-five-zero-zero "1

QyijI at sea, prior to entry to a port, harbour

time: One-five-zero-zero UTC J.g. time: One-five-zero-zero local} inside a port, harbour

  1. Periods of time are to be given in the same way as other measurements. The word period will precede the numbers used.
  2. The units are hours and minutes.

e.g. a delay of thirty minutes is to be spoken as: delay is period: three-zero minutes.

5.Dates are used with prefixes year, month, day, in that order

e.g. Sunday 13 May 2004: two-zero-zero-four, month: zero-five, day: one- three: the day of the week (Sunday) is not used628. Convert the following items of information into the form suitable for VHF. Check your answer with the speaker. Practise transmitting them

  1. local time 02:30.
  2. local time 15:45.
  3. one o'clock in the morning local time.
  4. ETA (in UTC) 13:30.
  5. ETA (local time) 11:00.
  6. a delay of 45 minutes.
  7. a delay of one and a half hours.
  8. Estimated Time of Departure, two thirty in the afternoon.

9.Wednesday, 3rd October, 1984.

10.Thursday, April 19th, 1984.

of Standard Phrases defined by use and response

Channel switchingStandard phraseMeaningTranslationResponse (phrase/action)On VHF channel...I am calling on channelРаботаю на УКВ канале ...Respondent answers on the same channel.Switch to VHF channel ...I suggest that we switch to channel...Переходите на каналAgree VHF channelVHF channel unableI cannot switch to channelНе могу работать на ... УКВ каналеVHF channels ..., ..., ..., available.lean transmit on these VHF channels ..., ..., ...Могу работать на УКВ ...каналахWhich VHF channel?Which channel do you suggest that we use?На каком канале будем работатьSwitch to VHF channel...Agree VHF channelI agree to transmit on channel...Согласен

Outline diagram of a two-ship exchange /Stage 1,2/

29. Recall 2 stages of each conversation. Write them down. Then work with the partner as A and В respectively. (See the diagram of a two ship exchange)

  1. Veniamis SXTE - Vincent Gann WZR8 (ch. 16)
  2. Kyriakov P3UT - Rattler GXXX (ch. 8)
  3. Spyros C4B1 - Vincent Gann WZR8 (ch. 16)
  4. Harriet GBOI - Olivia PBXQ (Olivia does not have ch. 04 but does have 08 to 12)
  5. Star Vega AYLD - Northport Voyager M2ZO (Northport Voyager does not hear Star Vega indicate a working channel)

Now exchange roles (A becomes В, В becomes A) and repeat the exercise.of giving a position Clear and accurate transmission of positional information in an internationally-agreed standard form is essential

1.Latitude and longitude method (when clear of land, or near a featureless coast, when confusion with geographic names might arise)

e.g. 30° 50' N018° 25', 02 E: LATITUDE: three-zero degrees five-zero minutes North LONGITUDE: zero-one eight degrees two-five decimal zero-two minute-East.

2.Bearing and Distance method (near land or a conspicuous sea mark)
e.g. 194° (T) from Cape Otway: distance; 12.4 miles

POSITION: BEARING: one-nine-four degrees TRUE -.from Cape Otway DISTANCE: one-two decimal four miles.

3.Reference to Navigational Mark (in those areas where designated Report ing Points have been marked on the charts)

POSITION: Northeast from Rangitoto Beacon POSITION: approaching Goeree Light Tower. POSITION: between buoy number: one-three and buoy number: one-five

4.By Reporting Points

e.g. Gammon, POSITION: point Alfa; TIME: one-zero-zero-one local7the following into a form suitable for transmission over VHF. Listen to the recording and check your answer: 30° 50' N 018°25\ 02 E; 23:30 UTC: position: at time: two-three-three zero UTC: latitude three-zero, degrees, five-zero minutes North, longitude: zero-one-eight degrees, two-five decimal zero-two minutes East.

1.Latitude and Longitude -03°46'N,08°48'E


  • 12°06'N, 68°56.2'W, 15:00 GMT
  • 12°09'N, 69°01W, 01:00 GMT -63°54'N, 38°06'E, 10:00 GMT
  • 2.Bearing and Distance
  • 200° 3.1 miles from Cape Couronne.
  • 340° 4.6 miles from Uinga Island West Point
  • 220° 1.3 miles from Hoek Van Baarland
  • - 180° 2.1 miles from Fjard Hallan.
  • 090° 0.1 miles from Red Fish Island South Point, 00:10 GMT.

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