EBRD main objective in Georgia is to expand private sector development activities in the country. During years 2002 and 2003 it has been engaged in the active political dialogue with the Government to support the substantial reduction of administrative barriers to investments, representation on the board of companies and banks, support of the initiatives of local business associations. EBRD aims at further strengthening of the Georgian banking sector through ongoing support to the regulator, management training, and further consolidation. EBRDs interventions include financing to business start-ups and existing micro, small and medium-sized enterprises as well as selectively supporting critical investments in infrastructure with specific focus on those projects that promote the commercialization of infrastructure, particularly of the energy sector.
EUs Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) provides for cooperation in a wide range of areas including Food Security Program (in amount of € 25 million for the period 2002-2003), rehabilitation in conflict zones (Engury Power Plan in Abkhazia), macro-financial assistance (establishment of an agricultural credit institutions, reforms in accountancy and audit, assistance to the insurance sector and securities market regulation), support to trade liberalization, customs, and development of transport infrastructure networks, advice on economic legislation and country legislature harmonization with the EU standards, investments in primary health care reconstruction program and development of the Georgian National Health Program and training of medical and administrative personnel as well as provision of the technical assistance for the development of the model of Regional Health financing. TACIS is the main financial instrument supporting the implementation of the PCA.
GTZ, working on behalf of German Government, provides support in the health sector primarily focusing on structural improvements and training for medical technicians, promotes vocational training sector to improve commercial and agricultural training and upgrading, implements projects to privatize agriculture and build up effective land- and debt-management systems, promotes export and investment, and has been assisting in judicial and legal training as well as practical application of civil law in Georgia. German assistance is also channelled through KfW supporting credit line to agriculture sector enterprises, participating with an equity stake in Procredit Bank, is conducting cadastral works almost all over the country, and contributing to social infrastructure in the districts bordering Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park as well as supporting the Government to rehabilitate schools and health facilities damaged during the recent earthquake.
Bilateral assistance also comes from Canada (CIDA) mostly through the regional projects supporting trade policy capacity, expanding the micro credit programs, promoting NGO capacity development program that supports the principles of good governance, strengthening health reform through the appropriate application of health information technology and information management strategies, and contributing drought victims relief operations.
DFID has recently approved a new Primary Health Care (PHC) Development project through which technical assistance will be provided to the Government in the areas of human resource development for the PHC system, health care financing, health management information systems, capacity building for the health policy development. DFID has been supporting the SDS in the multi-sector household and labor market surveys. The ongoing program also has a component aiming at development of good governance and civil society in two regions of Georgia as well as conflict reduction and confidence-building component.
- The Government of the Netherlands
The Netherlands has provided support for a wide range of activities, focusing on good governance, human rights and peace building, as well as substantial budget support in conjunction with SAC III. Dutch support in the three focus areas will continue, including for . election preparation, prevention of trafficking in human beings, confidence building measures in Abkhazia and support for NGOs involved in poverty alleviation and human rights
In the agriculture sector IFAD supports rural development program for mountainous and highland areas and credit-union development and rural credit activities for small farmers, while FAO provides financial support to hazelnut sector rehabilitation project.
UNDP in Georgia focuses its program activities in three areas: (a) democratic governance; (b) poverty reduction; and (c) environmental protection, as outlined in the second Country Cooperation Framework for Georgia (2001-2005). In the sphere of Governance, major ongoing initiatives include support to Foreign Investment Advisory Council, strengthening the Anti-corruption Promotion Group, and assistance to the Constitutional Court and Public Defenders Office. UNDP has been active in capacity building of the Georgian International Oil Corporation and of the National Security Policy Management. UNDP is contributing to land market development through creation of a computerized program of registration. Technical and financial inputs have been provided to strengthen the capacity of Georgian institutions responsible for national statistics, notably the State Department of Statistics. Environmental challenges are being addressed through the projects supporting recovery, conversation and sustainable use of Georgias agro-biodiversity, removal of barriers to small hydro power sector development, and capacity building of the Ministry of Environment.
UNICEF priorities in Georgia include: education, integrated childhood development, immunization, fighting HIV/AIDS, and protecting children from violence, exploitation, abuse and discrimination. It has been assisting the Government in national training of health workers and professionals and in providing universal access to basic health services for women and children. UNICEF has been helping the Government in promoting the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Support also includes ensuring inclusive education for children with disabilities and providing psychosocial support to children in need of special protection as well as introducing alternative, non-institutional methods of childcare. Child de-institutionalization has been also supported by SIDA through provision of technical assistance during social protection reform project preparation and implementation phases.