Private sector and human-resource development in Georgia

RecommendationsObjectives to be AchievedPerformance IndicatorsResponsible AgenciesDurationComment Conduct the 2nd round of the privatization process through GSE; Involve the Investment Funds into the

Private sector and human-resource development in Georgia

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Экономика

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GTZ, GEPA part-finance participation of Georgian exporters in overseas trade shows/exhibitions. GEPA/GTZ have already assisted companies to take part in exhibitions in Germany, France, Italy and the Middle East.


Conditions for participation are that export products must be of export quality, prices examined by German specialists and a group of a minimum of three producers from one sector participates in each exhibition.

 

Training Center. GEPA offers a wide range of export training courses to Georgian businessmen, civil servants, and commercial banks, on subjects ranging from export pricing to utilizing e-commerce in exporting. All courses are taught by international and Georgian specialists in their given fields of specialization.

 

A new Training Programme that Georgian Export Promotion Agency offers to Georgian companies differs considerably from the Programme already conducted by GEPA within the framework of previous TACIS project. It includes an In-Company Training that is designed to meet the training needs of companies participating in GEPA's Export Development Program.


Customized programs have been developed for specific companies to increase the professional skills of company managers and staff and thereby help them improve their export activities. In-company training is considered as part of the consultancy service provided by GEPA to existing exporters and to companies with the potential to export. Format and content of training depends on business features of individual companies. Mostly practical exercises and case studies have been used to achieve the best results.

Alongside in-company training, GEPA continues to offer general training in Export Marketing, Export Promotion, Strategic Business Planning etc.



GEPA hopes that new arrangements run in the field of training, will be of real assistance to Georgian companies in enhancing their export marketing activities and in achieving increased export orders.

 

Publications. GEPA staff prepares a variety of publications for both Georgian exporters and overseas companies. These publications include Export Newsletter, Market Briefs, Fact Sheets and the Directory of Georgian Exporters. Recently a brochure on Georgian viticulture and winemaking was prepared in corporation with the Institute of Viticulture.

 

Export Newsletter. Export Newsletter is available both in print and electronic formats on our website. It is circulated to Georgian companies and international organizations. It includes information on opportunities outside Georgia for exporters, case studies on successful Georgian and foreign companies and an update on any changes in Georgian, and foreign legislation, which may affect exporters. It also advises of forthcoming exhibitions and incoming buying missions from overseas.

 

Market Briefs. Market Briefs are prepared in Georgian and are available for Georgian companies interested in specific industries and markets. Market briefs prepared to date are as follows:

  1. UK Wine Market
  2. Pipes' Market in Italy
  3. Organic Food market in Germany
  4. UK Nuts Market
  5. Timber Market in Germany
  6. UK Tea market
  7. Intellectual Property - overview
  8. EU Fertilizer Market
  9. USA and EU Markets for Essential Oils
  10. Wine Market in Japan
  11. Mineral Waters in Japan

 

Sample Market Brief: Wine Market in Japan

Wine Market in Japan

 

1.

Market Overview

 

1.1

Market conditions

 

1.2

Trends in local production

 

1.3

Wine imports

 

1.4

Consumption trends

 

2.

Import regulations

 

2.1

Import restrictions and application procedures

 

2.2

Labelling requirements

 

2.3

Tariff rates

 

3.

Distribution Channels

 

4.

Consumption trends

 

4.1

Prices

 

4.2

Wine categories

 

4.3

Japanese consumption traditions

 

5.

Market Entry

 

5.1

Entering Japanese market

 

5.2

Wine sales promotion strategies

 

6.

Annexes

 

 

 

Sample Market Briefs: Mineral Waters in Japan

Mineral Waters in Japan

 

1.

Market Overview

 

1.1

Supply Trend

 

1.2

Import Trend

 

2.

Import System and Regulations

 

2.1

Imports Regulated by Food Sanitation Law

 

2.2

Tariff rates

 

2.3

Classification of Mineral Water

 

2.4

Labelling requirement and a labelling sample

 

2.5

Outline of Container/Packing Recycling Law

 

2.6

International Standards for Mineral Waters

 

3.

Distribution

 

3.1

Distribution Routes

 

3.2

The Function of Wholesalers

 

3.3

Distribution Expenses

 

3.4

Sales Promotions

 

4.

Consumption trends as shown by survey of retailers and consumers

 

4.1

Consumption trends seen in retailers

 

4.2

Trends revealed by consumer research

 

5.

Current Sales and consumption and future prospects

 

5.1

Current sales and consumption

 

5.2

Future prospects

 

6.

Advise on Accessing the Japanese Market

 

Appendix

 

1

Outline of provisions on mineral water provided for under the Foods Sanitation Law

 

2

Example Retail Price of Mineral Water

 

3

Selected domestic Suppliers and Importers

 

4

Wholesalers, Distribution Agents

 

5

Relevant Organization

 

6

Exhibitions and Trade Fair

 


  1. Foreign Investment Promotion

 

 

 

  1. Governments Foreign Investment Promotion Policy

Removing Administrative Barriers to Investment in Georgia. FIAS (Foreign Investment Advisory Service, a joint service of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the World Bank) conducted a study of administrative barriers to investment in Georgia. The principal counterpart for this project was the Presidential Commission on Support of the Private Businesses in Georgia. The Presidential Commission on Support of Private Businesses is the lead counterpart for this project (for more details refer to Paragraph 1.3.1 describing the activities of Foreign Investment Advisory Council - FIAC). The main objective of this study was to identify the major administrative impediments to investment and to recommend the steps for streamlining, simplifying and increasing transparency in order to help improve the environment for business in Georgia. Although the primary focus of the study was foreign investment, the administrative procedures and regulatory framework affect domestic investors as well. Therefore, applying the principle of national treatment (i.e. no preferential treatment for foreign investors), this study is intended to help strengthen the business environment for all investorsdomestic and foreign alike.

 

The study covers the core administrative processes for:

  • Establishing a business - including investor entry (visa and residency requirements for expatriates) and business registration.
  • Locating a business - including land acquisition, site development, construction and operation.
  • Operating a business - including taxation, trade regime and customs, licensing, permits, inspections, intellectual property issues, and product standardization.

 

Establishing a BusinessInvestor Entry and Business Registration. The procedures for obtaining entry visas are relatively transparent and present no significant administrative impediments. Most notably, foreign investors and expatriate employees do not require special work or residence permits to live and work in Georgia.

 

The court registration procedures have been simplified in the past 2 years. However, because of the lack of technical and human capacity, court registrars are unable to fulfill the provisions of the Law on Entrepreneurs aimed at guaranteeing timely service, ensuring public availability of information on companies, publishing data on newly registered companies, and protecting company names. The most pressing issues relate to length of time required to register (2 to 3 weeks) and to retrieve information on companies.

 

The principal recommendations for improving the business registration process and the access to company records include:

  • Modernization of the registration and data filing systems by taking advantage of new technologies (inc

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