History of Great Britain

Курсовой проект - История

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distinguishing between dialects and using their knowledge in practice.

The approximate volume of information for the first (but not the only one!) lesson on this topic is given below, for both lexical and grammatical differences.

 

3.1.) Lexical difference

 

Lexical differences of American variant highly extensive on the strength of multiple borrowing from Spanish and Indian languages, what was not in British English.

 

American variant British variant

 

Subway underground

the movies the cinema

shop store

sidewalk pavement

line queue

soccer football

mailman postman

vacation holiday

corn maize

fall autumn

 

Also claim attention differences in writing some words in American and British variants of language.

For instance, following:

 

American variant British variant

honor honour

traveler traveller

plow plough

defense defence

jail gaol

center centre

apologize apologise

 

3.2.) Grammatical difference

 

Grammatical differences of American variant consist in following:

 

  1. In that events, when British use Present Perfect, in Staffs can be used and Present Perfect, and Past Simple.
  2. Take a shower/a bath instead of have a shower/a bath.
  3. Shall is not used. In all persons is used by will.
  4. Needn't (do) usually is not used. Accustomed form -don't need to (do).

 

  1. After demand, insist, require etc should usually is NOT used. I demanded that he apologize (instead of I demanded that he should apologise in British variant).

6. to/in THE hospital instead of to/in hospital in BrE.

7. on the weekend/on weekend instead of at the weekend/at weekend.

8. on a street instead of in a street.

9. Different from or than instead of different to/from

10. Write is used with to or without the pretext.

11. Past participle of "got" is "gotten"

12. To burn, to spoil and other verbs, which can be regular or

irregular in the British variant, in the American variant ALWAYS

regular.

13. Past Perfect, as a rule, is not used completely.

 

4) The training of practical application of the new knowledge should be given mainly in the form of listening/spoken exercises.

5) Homework (2-3 minutes)

 

A good kind of a homework for this particular lesson would be a task to compose a free-style topic in the British English language (about an A4 page in size) and then rewrite it in the American English; then discuss the lexical and grammatical differences between topics in class.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

 

 

1. Hole, Christina. English traditional customs. London - Sydney, Batsford, 1975.

 

2. Hogg, Garry. Customs and traditions of England. Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1971.

 

3. Baker, Margaret. Folklore and customs of rural England. Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1974.

 

4. Rabley, Stephen. Customs and traditions in Britain. Harlow (Essex), Longman, 1989.

 

5. Murphy Raymond. English Grammar in Use. - Cambridge University Press, 1997.

 

6. Швейцер А.Д. Американский вариант литературного английского языка: пути формирования и современный статус.//Вопросы языкознания,1995, №6,стр. 3-17.

 

7. Подласый И.П. Педагогика. т.1. Москва, Владос, 2001.

 

8. Bowle, John. England: A portrait. London, Benn, 1966.

 

9. Bryant, Arthur. A history of Britain and the British people. London, Collins, 1990.

 

10. Clark, George. English history: A survey. London, Oxford univ. Press, 1971.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contents

 

 

1. Great Britain: General Facts ……………………………………………..…… 1

2. The History of Great Britain ……………………………………………...……1

2.1. Britain in the reign of Elizabeth …………………………………………..… 2

2.2. Britain in the seventeenth century ……………………………………….….. 3

2.3. Britain in the eighteenth century ……………………………………………. 5

2.4. Britain in the nineteenth century ……………………………………….…… 6

2.5. Britain in the twentieth century ……………………………………………... 9

3. Culture of Great Britain ……………………………………………………... 12

3.1. Cultural Life in Great Britain ……………………………………………... 12

3.2. Musical culture of Great Britain …………………………………….….…. 13

3.3. Art Galleries ……………………………………………………………….. 14

3.4. The British Theatre ………………………………………………………... 15

4. The British Education …………………………………………………….…. 15

4.1. The British Schools ………………………………………………………... 16

4.2. Universities and Colleges in Great Britain ………………………………… 16

5.The Modern British Economy ……………………………………………...… 17

6. The Modern British Industry ………………………………………………….18

7. The Modern British Army ……………………………………………...……. 18

8. The Two Lessons ……………………………………………………..……… 20

8.1. “Customs and Traditions of Great Britain” ……………………………...… 20

8.2. “American English” …………………………………………………..……. 27

Bibliography ……………………………………………………………...…….. 32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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