6. horse vault nопорный прыжок для мужчин
7. parallel bars nпараллельные брусья
e.g. The parallel bars are used only by men.
8. horizontal bar nперекладина
syn. high bar
e.g. The horizontal or high bar produces the most exciting moments in gymnastics.
9. specialist nспортсмен, выступающий в одном или двух видах программы
10. measure vиметь размеры
e.g. The mat measures 12 metres square.
11. require vтребовать
e.g. The gymnast performs a continuous series of movements that require balance, flexibility, and strength performing the floor exercises.
12. handspring nпереворот прогнувшись через прямые руки (назад, вперед, боком)
e.g. Each gymnast must perform handsprings.
13. leap nпрыжок
e.g. Gymnasts movements include leaps in floor exercises.
14. somersault nсальто
e.g. Somersault in the air
15. tumbling nакробатика
e.g. Series of movements include tumbling in floor exercises.
16. pad vнабивать ватой или волосом
e.g. The padded piece of equipment
17. supportn поддержка, опора, упор
e.g. The gymnast uses the pommels to support the weight.
18. swingn взмах, мах, раскачивание
v махать, перемахивать, делать оборот
e.g. He swings his legs
19. the scissors nножницы (скрестный мах ногами
e.g. The gymnast performs a movement called the scissors.
20. switch vпереключать, менять
e.g. The gymnast switches the position of the legs, as he swings them from side to side.
21. frequently advчасто
e.g. The gymnast must frequently support himself with only one hand.
22. suspend vвисеть, подвешивать
23. cable nканат, трос
e.g. The event is performed on two wooden rings suspended from cables.
24. graspn хват, сжатие
v хватать, сжимать, выполнять хват
e.g. The gymnast leaps up and grasps the rings.
25. cross nкрест
e.g. Azaryans cross.
26. extend vвытягивать, протягивать
e.g. The sportsmen extended his arms sideways.
27. upright aвертикальный, прямой
e.g. He supports himself in an upright position with his arms extended sideways.
28. remain vоставаться
e.g. The sportsman remained in the upright position.
29. motionless aнеподвижный
e.g. The gymnast remained motionless.
30. resemble vбыть похожим
e.g. The stand resembles the one on the pommel horse.
31. vaultn опорный прыжок
v выполнять опорный прыжок
e.g. Men vault across the length of the horse.
32. approach vподходить, приближаться
e.g. He approached the parallel bars.
33. springboard nгимнастический мостик
e.g. After a running start, the gymnast jumps from a springboard.
34. twistn поворот на 360 градусов, вращение, винт
v поворачиваться, вращаться
e.g. The competitor may twist or turn before landing.
35. average nсреднее число (величина)
e.g. The gymnasts final score comes from an average of his two vaults.
36. apart advврозь, широко, в отдельности
e.g. The parallel bars are two long wooden bars about 16.5 centimetres high and slightly more than shoulder width apart.
37. handstand nстойка на руках
e.g. The gymnast supports himself on the bars with his hands while performing handstands.
38. support swingразмахивание в упоре
swing to handstandстойка на руках из упора махом назад
39. holdn хват, захват, выдержка (статический элемент)
v хватать, держать, выдерживать, фиксировать
e.g. The gymnast may perform several holding positions on the parallel bars.
40. reversea обратный (хват, мах)
v выполнять в другую сторону, плечом назад
e.g. The competitor must reverse his position on the bar.
41. stagger vшататься
42. grip nхват (на параллельных брусьях)
43. regain vвозвратить, получать обратно
e.g. On the bar the competitor releases his grip and regains while in the air.
44. dismountn соскок
v выполнять соскок
e.g. Many gymnasts finish their performance with a spectacular dismount from the bar.
45. all-around competition nсоревнование по многоборью
e.g. All-around competition for men consists of six events.
46. all-around gymnastics champion n
чемпион в гимнастическом многоборье, абсолютный чемпион по гимнастике
Task IV. The mens gymnastics competition consists of six events. Read the text and draw up the programme of a mens gymnastics competition.
Text 2. Mens events
There are three types of gymnastics competitions: 1) artistic gymnastics; 2) rhythmic gymnastics and 3) acrobatics. Artistic gymnastics is gymnastics without apparatus and gymnastics on apparatus.
A mens gymnastics competition consists of six events that are held in a set order. These events, in order of performance, are the (1) floor exercise, (2) pommel horse, (3) rings, (4) horse vault, (5) parallel bars, and
(6) horizontal bar. Men who compete in all six events are called all-round gymnasts. Those who enter only one or two events are called specialists.
The floor exercise
The floor exercise is performed on a mat that measures 12 metres square. The gymnast performs a continuous series of movements that require balance, flexibility, and strength. These movements include handsprings, leaps, somersaults in the air, and tumbling. The floor exercise must be completed in not less than 50 seconds and not more than 70 seconds. In competition all parts of the floor area and all directions should be used. Strength movements should be performed slowly and static positions must be held for at least two seconds. Somersaults should be done at shoulder height.
The pommel horse
The pommel horse, or side horse, is named after the padded piece of equipment on which this event is held. The horse measures about 165 centimetres long and about 35 centimetres wide. It has two wooden handles on top called pommels which are about 125 centimetres from the floor. The gymnast uses the pommels to support his weight entirely with his hands. He swings his legs in circles around the sides and top of the horse without stopping. He also performs a movement called the scissors, beginning with one leg on each side of the horse. He switches the positions of his legs as he swings them from side to side. He must frequently support himself with only one hand while raising the other hand to swing his legs past.
This event is performed on two wooden rings suspended from cables about 250 centimetres above the floor. The gymnast leaps up and grasps the rings and then tries to keep them motionless while performing various movements. These include handstands and complete circular swings. The athlete supports his body in various strength positions, which require exceptional power. In a movement called the cross, for example, he supports himself in an upright position with his arms extended sideways. The event also includes holding positions, which require him to remain motionsless for two seconds. The gymnast performs his routine, concluding by landing on the floor with both legs together.
The horse vault
The horse vault is performed on a stand that resembles the pommel horse but has no pommels. In this event, the gymnast vaults across the length of the horse. He approaches the horse at a run and jumps up and forward from a low springboard. He places one or both hands on the horse for support as he goes over. He may twist around in the air, do a somersault, or perform any one of several movements. Competitors must not stagger on landing. In some competitions, the gymnast vaults twice and his final score comes from an average of his two vaults. In international competition, the gymnast vaults once.
The parallel bars
In this event, the gymnast performs on two long wooden bars about 165 centimetres high and slightly more than shoulder width apart. He supports himself on the bars with his hands while performing handstands, swings, twists, and other acrobatic movements. The gymnast may perform several holding positions on the parallel bars. In each one, he must remain motionless for one or two seconds. In addition, he performs various strength movements that require great arm power and must be done slowly.
The horizontal bar
The horizontal bar event takes place on a somewhat flexible steel bar fastened about 250 centimetres above the floor between two supports. The gymnast holds the bar with one or both hands and swings around it repeatedly. He performs several acrobatic movements without coming to a full stop. During this routine, he must reverse his position, which involves a change of grip on the bar. He also must perform manoeuvres that require him to re