Методическое пособие - Педагогика

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li>What is gymnastics?

  • What forms is gymnastics divided into?
  • Where do gymnasts compete?
  • What word does the word gymnasium come from?
  • How is each gymnasts performance called?
  • What qualities does gymnastics help to develop?
  • Since when has gymnastics been a part of the Olympic Games?
  • What is the governing body of gymnastics?
  • Ex. 6. Some statements are not true to the fact. Correct them:

    1.Gymnastic exercises develop human body harmoniously and all-sided, but they are not compulsory elements of the training in many sports.

    2.It is one of the most graceful and artistic sports, but it is not popular all over the world.

    3.Coaches watch each gymnasts performance and decide what score he or she has earned.

    4.Gymnastics helps to develop balance, speed, flexibility, and strength.

    Ex. 7. Make up ten questions to the text using the vocabulary of the text.

    Ex. 8. Describe gymnastics as a sport. Say what you know about:

    • forms of gymnastics;
    • how gymnastics develop human body;
    • the place for practising gymnastics;
    • the International Gymnastic Federation.


    Task III. Study the vocabulary to text 2 “Mens events”:


    1. consist vсостоять

    e.g. A mens gymnastics competition consists of six events

    2. set n серия, цикл, система

    a последовательный, определенный

    e.g. In a set order

    3. floor exercises nвольные упражнения

    e.g. The floor exercises give competitors a chance to warm up.

    4. pommel horse n1. конь-махи (упражнение)

    2. конь с ручками (снаряд)

    e.g. The pommel horse is the equipment that is used for mens training.

    5. rings nкольца

    e.g. The gymnast must be very strong to perform on the rings.

    6. horse vault nопорный прыжок для мужчин

    7. parallel bars nпараллельные брусья

    e.g. The parallel bars are used only by men.

    8. horizontal bar nперекладина

    syn. high bar

    e.g. The horizontal or high bar produces the most exciting moments in gymnastics.

    9. specialist nспортсмен, выступающий в одном или двух видах программы

    10. measure vиметь размеры

    e.g. The mat measures 12 metres square.

    11. require vтребовать

    e.g. The gymnast performs a continuous series of movements that require balance, flexibility, and strength performing the floor exercises.

    12. handspring nпереворот прогнувшись через прямые руки (назад, вперед, боком)

    e.g. Each gymnast must perform handsprings.

    13. leap nпрыжок

    e.g. Gymnasts movements include leaps in floor exercises.

    14. somersault nсальто

    e.g. Somersault in the air

    15. tumbling nакробатика

    syn. acrobatics

    e.g. Series of movements include tumbling in floor exercises.

    16. pad vнабивать ватой или волосом

    e.g. The padded piece of equipment

    17. supportn поддержка, опора, упор

    v поддерживать

    e.g. The gymnast uses the pommels to support the weight.

    18. swingn взмах, мах, раскачивание

    v махать, перемахивать, делать оборот

    e.g. He swings his legs

    19. the scissors nножницы (скрестный мах ногами
    (на коне))

    e.g. The gymnast performs a movement called the scissors.

    20. switch vпереключать, менять

    e.g. The gymnast switches the position of the legs, as he swings them from side to side.

    21. frequently advчасто

    e.g. The gymnast must frequently support himself with only one hand.

    22. suspend vвисеть, подвешивать

    23. cable nканат, трос

    e.g. The event is performed on two wooden rings suspended from cables.

    24. graspn хват, сжатие

    v хватать, сжимать, выполнять хват

    e.g. The gymnast leaps up and grasps the rings.

    25. cross nкрест

    e.g. Azaryans cross.

    26. extend vвытягивать, протягивать

    e.g. The sportsmen extended his arms sideways.

    27. upright aвертикальный, прямой

    e.g. He supports himself in an upright position with his arms extended sideways.

    28. remain vоставаться

    e.g. The sportsman remained in the upright position.

    29. motionless aнеподвижный

    e.g. The gymnast remained motionless.

    30. resemble vбыть похожим

    e.g. The stand resembles the one on the pommel horse.

    31. vaultn опорный прыжок

    v выполнять опорный прыжок

    e.g. Men vault across the length of the horse.

    32. approach vподходить, приближаться

    e.g. He approached the parallel bars.

    33. springboard nгимнастический мостик

    e.g. After a running start, the gymnast jumps from a springboard.

    34. twistn поворот на 360 градусов, вращение, винт

    v поворачиваться, вращаться

    e.g. The competitor may twist or turn before landing.

    35. average nсреднее число (величина)

    e.g. The gymnasts final score comes from an average of his two vaults.

    36. apart advврозь, широко, в отдельности

    e.g. The parallel bars are two long wooden bars about 16.5 centimetres high and slightly more than shoulder width apart.

    37. handstand nстойка на руках

    e.g. The gymnast supports himself on the bars with his hands while performing handstands.

    38. support swingразмахивание в упоре

    swing to handstandстойка на руках из упора махом назад

    39. holdn хват, захват, выдержка (статический элемент)

    v хватать, держать, выдерживать, фиксировать

    e.g. The gymnast may perform several holding positions on the parallel bars.

    40. reversea обратный (хват, мах)

    v выполнять в другую сторону, плечом назад

    e.g. The competitor must reverse his position on the bar.

    41. stagger vшататься

    42. grip nхват (на параллельных брусьях)

    43. regain vвозвратить, получать обратно

    e.g. On the bar the competitor releases his grip and regains while in the air.

    44. dismountn соскок

    v выполнять соскок

    e.g. Many gymnasts finish their performance with a spectacular dismount from the bar.

    45. all-around competition nсоревнование по многоборью

    e.g. All-around competition for men consists of six events.

    46. all-around gymnastics champion n

    чемпион в гимнастическом многоборье, абсолютный чемпион по гимнастике


    Task IV. The mens gymnastics competition consists of six events. Read the text and draw up the programme of a mens gymnastics competition.


    Text 2. Mens events

    There are three types of gymnastics competitions: 1) artistic gymnastics; 2) rhythmic gymnastics and 3) acrobatics. Artistic gymnastics is gymnastics without apparatus and gymnastics on apparatus.

    A mens gymnastics competition consists of six events that are held in a set order. These events, in order of performance, are the (1) floor exercise, (2) pommel horse, (3) rings, (4) horse vault, (5) parallel bars, and
    (6) horizontal bar. Men who compete in all six events are called all-round gymnasts. Those who enter only one or two events are called specialists.

    The floor exercise

    The floor exercise is performed on a mat that measures 12 metres square. The gymnast performs a continuous series of movements that require balance, flexibility, and strength. These movements include handsprings, leaps, somersaults in the air, and tumbling. The floor exercise must be completed in not less than 50 seconds and not more than 70 seconds. In competition all parts of the floor area and all directions should be used. Strength movements should be performed slowly and static positions must be he