Games activity at the foreign language lesson as one of the basic ways of learning English at primary school

Курсовой проект - Педагогика

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creating a more stable visual and auditory images, maintaining interest and activity of students.

The lesson of foreign language is seen as a social phenomenon, where the classroom - a particular social environment in which teachers and students enter into definite social relations with each other, where the learning process - the interaction of all present.

The success in training - is the result of collective use of all opportunities for learning. And students should make a significant contribution to this process. Ample opportunities to revamp the educational process is the use of role-playing games. Role play - methodological procedure relating to a group of active methods of teaching practical language skills.playing is a contingent of actors playing real practical activity, creates conditions for real communication. The effectiveness of training is due primarily to an explosion of motivation, increased interest in the motivates speech activity, as students find themselves in a situation where the need is updated to say anything, ask to find out to prove something to share with someone.clearly convinced that the language can be used as a means of will intensify the desire to contact the guys with each other and the teacher creates the conditions of equality in the speech partnership breaks the traditional barrier between teacher and allows a timid, diffident students to speak and thus to overcome the barrier of uncertainty. In the usual discussion students, leaders tend to seize the initiative, and the timid prefer to remain silent. In the role-play, each gets a role and must be an active partner in speech, pupils master the elements of communication such as the ability to start a conversation, keep it, to suspend the interlocutor at the right moment to agree with his opinion or disprove it, specifically the ability to listen to the interlocutor, to ask clarifying questions, etc.playing teaches to be sensitive to the social use of language. A good conversationalist is often not the one who enjoys the best structures, and those who can most clearly recognize (interpret) the situation in which there are partners, to consider the information that is already known (from the situation, experience) and choose the linguistic resources that will be most effective for communication.all the training time devoted to role-play voice for the practice is not only talking but also listening to the most active, as it is to understand and remember the replica partner, correlate it with the situation, determine how relevant the situation and the problem of communication and properly respond to the cue.have a positive effect on the formation of students cognitive interests, contribute to the conscious development of a foreign language. They contribute to the development of qualities such as independence, initiative, foster a sense of collectivism. Students actively, enthusiastically working to help each other, listen carefully to their comrades, but the teacher manages the educational activity

Basic requirements for the role-playing games:

1. The game should stimulate motivation to exercise, to cause the student interest and desire to do the job well, it should be based on the situation adequately the real situation of communication.

. Role-playing game should be well prepared in terms of both content and form, clearly organized. It is important that the students were convinced of the need to perform well a certain role. Only under this condition, their speech is natural and convincing.

. Role-playing should be taken as a group.

. It certainly is conducted in a friendly, creative atmosphere, causes the pupils a sense of satisfaction and joy. The freer the student feels in a role play, the more initiative, he will be in communication. Over time, he will feel confident in their abilities, that he may fulfill different roles.

. The game is organized so that students can active verbal communication to maximize the use of piloted language material.

. The teacher will certainly believe in the role mothers play in their effectiveness. Only under this condition, it can achieve good results.

. Greater significance is the ability to teachers to make contact with the children. Creating a supportive, friendly atmosphere in class - a very important factor, whose value can not be overestimated.the game, the teacher sometimes takes some role, but did not start that game does not become a traditional form of work under his leadership. It is desirable that the social status of this role would have helped him gently to direct verbal communication in the group., the teacher takes a role only in the beginning, when students have not mastered this kind of work. In the future there will be no need for this.the game strong help the weak students. The teacher also manages the process of communication: it is suitable to one, then another student who needs help, makes the necessary adjustments to the job.the game, the teacher does not correct the error, but only for the students quietly write them to the next lesson to discuss the most common.playing can be used as the initial stage of learning, and the advanced.studies show that during the period from the fourth to tenth grade, when carried out to study a foreign language, students develop through several stages of age. It is also noted that the most important changes in the mental characteristics of the individual at this stage of its development due to the dominant activity, characteristic of this stage. Primary school age, which starts learning a foreign language, not only precedes the earlier, pre-school age period, but also an older form of the dominant activity. This early form of the dominant activity is the role-playing game. In the early school years, ie seven - eleven years old, the dominant activity is teaching.transition from one activity to another lead is in the form of interaction between old and new ways of behavior. Earlier-formed personality traits persist in a period when there are active and formed new personal property, and during the most recent full development are prerequisites for the emergence of personality traits corresponding to the transition to new leadership of the age and the next step. The game as a form of reflection leading activity may correspond to the achieved age, to return to earlier forms of behavior, ahead of the appropriate age and contribute to the preparation stage for a new leading activity. These and other theoretical situation is still not used to the proper organization of educational role-playing game in the foreign language lessons.

3. The use of games in the classroom teaching English as a means of improving


Currently, the main principle of the modern educator is not only focused on the impact of each student, his personal settings, but also optimization of the joint activities of students. Great help in providing this training and educational games. They activate the learning process and compared with the traditional form of the classes have some advantages., in pedagogy, as well as in many other fields of science, is changing the practices and working methods, in particular, all the more widespread of various games.of all, the implementation of gaming techniques directly related to the number of common social and cultural processes to search for new forms of social organization and cultural relations between the teacher and students. The need to improve students communication culture in the didactic process is dictated by the need to improve the cognitive activity of students, stimulate their interest in the subject.the processes occurring in a country that embraced all spheres of our lives: increased contacts with foreign countries, the opportunity to communicate with other people at all levels (inter-state communication, tourism, student exchanges and student, etc.) This, in turn, necessitated the study of foreign languages. Сommunication in any language requires a large vocabulary, which is accumulated over several years. It follows that to study the language should begin in early childhood. This caused a search for new methods of teachers to enable children to effectively and efficiently, and most importantly with interest to learn a foreign language. Given the fact that interest is the best stimulus to learning, to try to use every opportunity to relieve the child through play activities in learning the language.use of games in the English lessons promotes communicative activity character education lessons focus on the psychological development of students rechemyslitelnoy means the language is spoken, optimization of intellectual activity of students in the learning process, the complexity of learning, development and intensification of its forms of group work. We all know that is easier to memorize something that is interesting, but it is interesting that exciting, does not cause boredom. In an entertaining form of a game you can work out and repeat the course material, greatly add to your active vocabulary, and strengthen the skills to get the correct spelling of English - a huge incentive to succeed where sometimes ineffective many traditional exercises. The lesson can be an unforgettable journey into the world of the English language, to enable not only strong, but weak students show their creativity. Even the most insignificant success - a huge step towards work I want to dwell in detail on the use of language games in English class and share their experiences and best practices in this difficult to remember the spelling, especially if they are not written by the rules. And during the game, the competition is faster. Many well known since childhood game "Hangman": giv