lecules. For example, starting from polystyrene-block poly (4-vinylpyndine), in which pentadecylphenol has been hydrogen-bonded, one obtains a structure in which the glassy polystyrene matrix contains empty cylindrical pores with poly (4-vinylpyndine) brushes at the walls. By selecting different block copolymers and amphiphiles, one can tune the wettability of the pore walls. In principle, even the conformations of the brushes can be controlled by selecting the polymer and solvent properly. Saito crosslinked the poly (4-vinylpyridine) "slices," leading to a method of preparing nanoscale colloidal disks.
Structural complexity can lead to a general concept for combining different functionalities within a single material, tuning them separately, and selecting different combinations of them at different processing stages. This leads to new processing options and control of defects of rodlike conjugated polymers, which opens possibilities in molecular electronics. In addition, structural complexity also leads to properties that respond to external stimuli and conditions. Such materials may not necessarily compete with more traditional electronics or structural materials but could offer new possibilities, for example in "smart" structural parts, coatings glues, and paints. Biological materials can also open new routes in materials science, as demonstrated by successful attempts to use the functionalities of DNA and the strong surface activity of specific self-organizing fungal proteins. Materials science is only beginning to use all of these aspects, opening up routes to unforeseen applications.
Функциональные материалы, основанные на самосборке полимерных макромолекул
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