Formation and development of political parties in the Republic of Belarus

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th the authorities, political parties, bringing them to the consideration and adoption of important socio-economic and political decisions.

In connection with the weak material-technical base of most political parties does not own the media, shaping public opinion, and state and independent media are usually trying to distance themselves from them.

Not all parties are able to develop a scientifically based, socially balanced, constructive program of activities. Policy documents of many parties do not contain a clear vision of the political, socio-economic and spiritual development, characterized by eclecticism ideological conclusions, vagueness, uncertainty about the future society. Despite the fact that most parties favor a transition to a market economy, democracy and the rule of law, the sovereignty of Belarus, in their programs there is no mechanism for such a transition, balanced and professional assessment of the situation, competitive proposals, the development of specific measures and ways to achieve goals. Program number of political parties are obsolete and do not correspond to the realities of our time. With many of the provisions of the party documents can not agree. Proposals are available in the arsenals of a number of parties, need to be analyzed to determine their suitability in terms of historical experience.

With the lack of differentiation of society in the socio-political terms, the lack of middle-class social base for a full-fledged multi-party system, fragmentation of the labor movement, it is difficult to determine who actually represent the party and their leaders. The extreme degree of fragmentation of the party forces, their inability to consolidate - all this confirms the obvious weakness of the Belarusian party. Most of them are few in composition and with difficulty managed to step required for the registration line in 1000. It is impossible not to notice that many smaller parties do not know anything except the names of their leaders.

Moreover, among the political forces with a similar ideological orientation and acting in a political field does not manifest a tendency towards mutual understanding, to unite and strengthen those forces. This is evidenced by the separate existence of the same type of political organization: the two parties, the Belarusian Popular Front, two - with a focus on the development of the republican system, two - with the communist ideology, a few social-democratic parties. In this regard, there is a need to unite close in the partys ideology. Such parties, reflecting the social and political aspirations of the citizens, to compete for authority to implement the goals.

By mistake of the party, include the lack of attention to the creation of organizational structures in the regions and the absence of a permanent job with them, internal divisions, petty fight with each other for the strengthening of positions in the Democratic camp, instead of the association to address important policy goals, etc.

The above factors contributed to the weakness and backwardness of a multiparty system. Therefore, talking about the current party system can not yet walk. It is known that the party system in countries with developed democracy was established over decades, for example, in America - more than a hundred years. The presence of multiple parties - this is not a multiparty system, but only the basis for the deployment of the confrontation of ideas, rather than social interests. Genuine multi-party needs to establish a special regulatory mechanism: the interaction among parties, between parties and power structures, between parties and society. The effectiveness of political parties, opposition forces depends on their ability to gain support in elections, from entering into meaningful negotiations with the government. This would enable us to remove mistrust, bias in the relationship and create the conditions for the coordination of positions and civilized conflict resolution.

Thus, multi-party system as a permanent factor of universality and democratic social system in Belarus is still in its infancy. Its formation - a long and controversial process. The real state of the political spectrum will be determined not with every available state parties, but only those of them who will win the confidence of the people included on the system of power and can influence the progress and implementation of public and government affairs at the critical issues facing society.