Features of syntactic structures in sports journalism (on the basis of the newspapers "Sport-express" and "Izvestia")

order to identify examples of syntactic constructions in the sports press, we have analyzed the issues of the newspaper Izvestia

Features of syntactic structures in sports journalism (on the basis of the newspapers Sport-express and Izvestia)

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uot; published 5 times a week (except Saturday and Sunday) with a volume of 12 to 48 pages, format - A2. Circulation in Russia is about 150 thousand copies. Circulation in Moscow, has about 50 thousand copies. The thematic range of newspapers included coverage of events in Russia and abroad, analysis and commentary, review of business and economics, cultural events and sports life.newspaper "Sport-Express" is published 6 times a week (except Sunday) in 32 cities around the world. Daily circulation is about 1.2 million copies, in Moscow and St. Petersburg is about 200 thousand, format - A2. The main themes - coverage of football and hockey events. The next priority themes are biathlon, volleyball, basketball, tennis, boxing.on the quantitative analysis provided in the table, it is clear that in the newspaper "Sport Express" more types of syntactic structures are presented. While in the newspaper "Izvestia" ellipse, polisindeton, nominative representation are not represented.the newspaper Izvestia the most frequent syntactic structures are insertions (40%) and rhetorical questions (19%). Further, it should be noted question-answer structures (6%), parceling (6%), syntactic parallelism (5%), the connecting constructions (5%) and incomplete sentences (4%). constructions with homogeneous members of the proposals (3%) and rhetorical exclamations, a series of rhetorical questions, graduations, nominative sentences, structures with spoken modal particles (2%), as well as constructions with interjection "well" and the introductory word "mole" (1%) are used less often.the newspaper "Sport Express" insertions (24%), rhetorical questions (13%), and parcelling (13%) and rhetorical ejaculations (11%) are often used. Then follow series of rhetorical questions (6%), question-answer constructions (5%), constructions with syntactic parallelism (5%), constructions with homogeneous members of the proposals (4%). At the same time, there are almost no constructions with spoken modal particles (3%), connecting constructions, ellipsis, polisindeton, nominative constructions representation, constructions with interjection "well" and the introductory word "mole" (2%), graduation and nominative sentences (1%).


Type of syntactic constructions"Izvestia""Sport-Express"Frequency of use (%) / ExamplesFrequency of use (%) / ExamplesRhetorical exclamations2 %11 %How many copies have been broken before the post was appointed Guus Hiddink!And finally in Russia will reduce the hockey site!rhetorical questions19 %13 %So why doesnt hang up costs on the receiving side?What will it be in the Luzhniki Stadium tomorrow?question-answer constructions6 %5 %What should happen to Karpin was fired from the top? Obviously, only the departure of the club in first division.Will help the "family wall" Russian skaters? It is not excluded that, yes.series of rhetorical questions2 %6 %What will be then? Will we have to carry the first tour somewhere in Turkey or the Emirates? Or will we lay everywhere artificial turf?What does it mean - a sports score? Need to evaluate whether observed principles fair play during the beating? Or exhibit, as in boxing, the estimate for the quality and force of the blows?syntactic parallelism5 %5 %In the ring plain vanity reigned: coaches were indicating, support groups were blaring, the judges were conferring.Gullit happy, Karpin upsetconnecting constructions5 %2 %Lokomotiv perceptively changed coaches during the season and held a point selection, but forgot to strengthen the goalkeeper line - and it has become the Achilles heel of the team in the playoffs.Seemed a smoker who gave up the habit - just a box.parcelling6 %13 %At the helm of the capital's club continues to be Valery Karpin, who stayed in retirement just two days. And even then only on paper.Pashutin proved that it is not. Working.polisindeton-2 %There are many reasons: and the interests of television and increased transportation costs, and of course, the lockout, which every day seems more and more inevitable.insertions40 %24 %True, in the final stage of the series - Czech hockey games - it finished only second.A long time we all know: the Russian team can not play friendly matches (though its hard forced to do so).nominative sentences2 %1 %10 am. Easy unshaven, a thin coat, an elegant gray scarf - coach like descended from glossy magazine covers. Almost every important element - a defectAbility not to bend under the blows of fate. Ability to vary depending on the circumstances - to achieve a higher goal.constructions with interjection "well"1 %2 %Well, just music fell silent, the coach allowed himself to smile.As a result, well, of course, the match with Slovenes "lost Arshavin"

.2 The thematic range of syntactic constructions

of the materials, that include in our work, refer to the football theme. This could be explained by the fact that in the newspaper "Sport Express" football is a priority theme. However, during the study materials of the newspaper "Sport-Express" were secondary to the newspaper "Izvestia". "Izvestia" tends to a uniform coverage of sports: in a issue it is almost impossible to find two publications about one kind of sport. Therefore, we may say that the presentation of information about football is full of more expressive and conversational syntax. In second place there are materials about hockey. Then follow figure skating, Formula 1, basketball, tennis, boxing, curling.- 60% Hockey - 13% Figure Skating - 6% Basketball - 6% "Formula 1"- 6% Tennis - 3% boxing - 3% Curling - 3%



, the results of the study show that the language of the specialized sports media is more expressive, especially at the syntactic level. This is evidenced by the following characteristics:

) Syntax figures, presented in the materials of the specialized sports media, more diverse and more frequency than in the sports publications in the unspecialized media. So, the sports press includes syntactic figures of speech (rhetorical exclamations, rhetorical questions, question-answer structure, syntactic parallelism, ellipsis, graduations, polisindeton), false construction, segmented sentences, nominative sentences, as well as elements of conversational syntax, presented designs with particles, interjection well. In the newspaper Izvestia, that is social and political editions, ellipse, polisindeton are not represented, while the other designs are used in smaller quantities.

2) Increased expressivity of language sports press is achieved by using series of rhetorical questions and imposing syntactical figures of speech. In language of the non-specialized media such techniques are absent.

3) Specialized Sport editions are notable for titles of expressive character, which is achieved using expressive syntax (parcelling, nominative presentation, ellipse, rhetorical exclamations, questions and addresses, etc.). While in the socio-political newspapers news headlines dominate.

) in the unspecialized sports media expressive function of the syntactic structures may have secondary character. The main role can have structure-forming function, explanatory, informative etc.a result we have shown that, speaking about sports journalism, it is necessary to distinguish between journalism in the specialized sports media and non-specialized media, not only on the basis of differences in lexical and semantic level, but also because of syntax differences.



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