Cultural and linguistic features of the use of animalism to the concept BIRD in English and Ukrainian

The private-scientific study of any object or subject of reality cannot be limited to their own units and categories, especially

Cultural and linguistic features of the use of animalism to the concept BIRD in English and Ukrainian

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INTRODUCTIONI. The concept and the significance in modern linguistics

.1The concept as the fundamental conception of cognitive linguistics

1.2The problem of the definition between the concept and the significance

CONCLUSIONS TO PART III. Cultural and linguistic features of the use of animalism to the concept BIRD in English and Ukrainian

.1 The use of animalism to the concept BIRD in English idioms

.2 The use of animalism to the concept BIRD in Ukrainian phraseological unitsTO PART IICONCLUSIONSLIST OF LITERATURE USED



the second half of the last century the language as an active intermediary between the world of reality and human consciousness enters the field of view of many experts in linguistics which is related to such scientific disciplines: logic, ethnologists, psychologists, culture and so on. This confirms that the solution of numerous fundamental questions (e.g.the question of the categorization of the world, the ratio of language and mind) cannot be found within any private science.Thereby, a number of promising areaswithin the anthropocentric paradigm isdistinguished: cognitive linguistics (G.I. Berestiyev, N. Boldyrev,V.Z. Demianko, E.S.Kubryakova, George Lakoff , Z. Popova, E.V.Rahylina, I.A. Stersh), psycholinguistics (V. Krasnykh, A.A.Leontiev), cultural studies (E.N.Vereschahin, V.G. Kostomarov, B. A. Maslov, S. Stepanov, N.V.Ufimtseva, A.T.Hrolenko),ethnolinguistics (A.S.Gerd, N. Tolstoy), etnohermeneutics(E.A.Pimenov, M.V.Pimenov).of the main purposes while describing the language is the study of linguistic picture of the world. In addition to that the language is seen as a means of design and the implementation of knowledge about the world, both external and internal.central term in the study of language world is a concept that attracted the attention of many researchers: linguists, culture and philosophers. However, the term concept in modern science of language has no monosemantic interpretation: that is to solve the problem of classification of concepts, methods to study the structure of the concept and its place in a number of linguistic terminology. The divisiveness of the status of the concept suggests, first of all, the difficulty of forming a new scientific paradigm.concept is a process of awareness and anunderstanding of a concept. The greatest interest in terms of research represents that concepts play an important role in the life of the ethnic is a substantial investigation which aim is to describe the specific language representation of the concept BIRD in English and Ukrainian paintings of the world as from the language point of view as well as from a cultural one. Together with a wide range of theoretical developments, it is appeared a large number of works, which comprise specific descriptions of certain concepts. The urgency of this work is to show that this concept is in consciousness not only as a living being, but also as the image of the specific characters. It also facilitates the translation activity, as phraseological units are an integral part of speech as among the English speakers as well as amongthe Ukrainian ones.purpose of our work is to identify the features of the use of phraseology from the concept BIRD in animalism of comparable languages. Also to determine how the use of animalism in comparable languages ​​is caused bylingvocultural and stereotyped view of the world by the British and Ukrainian.aim of our investigation was:

üto conduct a critical review of literature on the problems of the study;

üto explore the concept as a categorical basis of language;

üto identify cultural features of the phenomenon due to the concept BIRD;

ütoconsider the transmission of expressive idioms with the concept BIRD.

The goals and the objectives of the investigation are played an important role in the choice of basic research methods, among which were used: a comparative and a descriptive.research paper includes the usage ofthe English-Ukrainian phraseological dictionary, edited by K.T. Barantsev and the Ukrainian phraseological dictionary, edited by V. Bilonozhenko.structure of our research paper presupposes the following parts: an introduction, two chapters, general conclusions and the list of references.


PART I. The concept and the significance in modern linguistics


1.1The concept as the fundamental conception of cognitive linguistics

linguistic concept animalism bird

The private-scientific study of any object or subject of reality cannot be limited to their own units and categories, especially in the case of such a complex phenomenon as language. The comparison of languages reveals defects as monistic view of human nature, as a special human gift, which is the language [10, 21]. The comparison of language is an emergence in various spiritual and mental worlds of different nations, i.e. access to the substance of the highest order which is essentially multidimensional and unknowable to the end. According to O.S. Kubryakova the term concept is like an umbrella, he covers subject spheres of several research styles: first of all cognitive psychology and cognitive linguistics which concerned about thinking and learning, storage and processing of information [9, 90]. Cognitive linguistics together with cognitive psychology are designed to answer the questions about how the human mind is organized and how language reveals the mental space, how other people and nations see the world and how these differences are expressed in their language and communication [11, 41]. The entire human cognitive activity can be regarded as having developed the ability to navigate the world and is associated with the need to distinguish objects. Thus, the formation of concepts related to the comprehension of the world and forming ideas about it.the end of XX century linguists have realized that a native speaker is a carrier of certain relevant conceptual systems. Each concept associations are important to human knowledge about the world and yet rejected unnecessary idea. The system concept creates the picture of the world showing the understanding of human reality, its special concept picture on which a person thinks about the world [11, 41].should be noted that the concepts are the result of two tendencies: the desire to display dialectical world, that is to reflect the world as it is, and the desire to construct the world in order to subordinate his will and desire of a man, that is to introduce the world easier, more rigid and deterministic to the extent that is necessary and sufficient for a person to solve practical problems.semantic space of a particular language consists of concepts and we can talk about the structure of knowledge under it. Cognitive linguistics are not guided by linguistic elements and units that are specific in origin, they appear as the guides of any information and fully or partly manifested in the language. To indicate these units used the term the fact that modern scientific thought does not make ​​ a single definition of the phenomenon of concept we present different approaches to its interpretation. Typically, researchers offer different definitions of the concept. Thus, scientists working in the mainstream cultural studies (S.G. Vorkachev, V.I. Karasik etc.) consider that the concept is the main fact of ethnic and cultural conditionality in determining while other representatives of cognitive linguistics (O.S. Kubryakova, Z. Popova , I.A. Sternin etc.) emphasize, first of all, the mental essence of the concept and its belongings to the sphere of consciousness of the the literary dictionary: The concept (Latin Concipere - to form) is formulation, mental image, the general idea, the notion that dominates by the work of art or literary article[4, 373].encyclopedic dictionary treats concept as the phenomenon of the same order as the meaning of the word, but seen in another system connections like the value in the system of language, like the term in the system of logical relations and forms that are studied both in linguistics and in logic [12, 384].Encyclopedic Dictionary of Philosophy concept is treated as one of the logical forms of thinking in the opposite judgment and opinion, which consist of concepts. There is a distinction between the concepts that we use in everyday life and logical ones. It is noted that in the thinking of people or individuals concepts are formed not by perception and integration inherent in the group of subjects, the same signs, and because of initially perceived and done over again the concept of substantial properties of things [18, 354].lot of works are published on various issues of conceptology today including interpretation of the term concept. The definition of the concept we relied on the work corresponding to our understanding of the concept. Thus, S. Askoldov, one of the founders of the doctrine of the concept, defines it as mental formation that replaces us in the process of thinking uncategorized plurality of items of the same kind [1, 269]. Conceived in his opinion, the concept is not always a substitute for real objects it can replace some of the real object or action, such as the concept of justice and, in general, replace all sorts of highly accurate and only thinking function [2, 270].determining the types of concepts (cognitive and artistic) S. Askoldov, on the one hand, emphasized their unity (concepts of cognitive character only seemingly quite far from poetry. In fact, they feed their underground roots by irrational values and uncategorized element of poetic words and techniques [2, 268]) and on the other hand differentiated them as: [2, 274 - 275]


Cognitive concept:Artistic concept:· Publi

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