Социальное объявление развития english

#CountryNumber of completed epochal cyclesDeveloping Epochal CyclePeriod (Phase of the Developing Epochal Cycle)Probability of Actualization of the Prospective Transient Period

Социальное объявление развития english



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chal cycle in Eurasia finished with the evolutionary stage, with the following events-beacons: IV Babylonian dynasty (1204-1072 BC) the new kingdom of Hittites (1400-1300 BC). Italy: the peak of the Etruscan culture. Greece: Homer, Hesiode.

The revolutionary stage started the third epochal cycle for Eurasia. Greece: 776 BC. The Olympic Era. The beginning of the ephor list in Sparta. 753 BC the traditional date of foundation of Rome. China: IV-V centuries BC. Lao Tzu. Taoism. Persia: Zoroastrianism. Avesta. India: IX-VI centuries BC. Upanishads. 583-488 BC. Buddha. 551-479 BC. Confucius.

The involutionary stage of the epochal cycle: Assyria and Persia: «the world powers» (VII-VI centuries BC).

The co-evolutionary stage is connected with the following historical events: Rome: 510 BC the republican government. 500-449 BC the wars between the Greeks and Persians. The rise of Athens, the «West» repulses the pressure of the «East», having defended its unique way of development. 444-429 BC Pericles the strategist of the Athenian democracy. 481-221 BC. China: the war for the hegemony between the largest seven kingdoms.

The third epochal cycle of historical development of Eurasia is completed by the evolutionary stage, which is identified with the following events of particular importance. Greece: 434-404 BC The Peloponnessian war between Athens and the «totalitarian» Sparta. 427-348 BC Platon. The Romans defeated the Etruscans and adapted their cultural tradition. China: near 400 BC the beginning of creation of the Great Chinese wall. India the Empire of Maurya. 378-338 BC the Second Athenian naval union. «The Gold Autumn» of Athens. 384-322 BC Aristotle. 356-323 BC Alexander the Great. The campaigns to the East. The first attempt of the «West» to create the universal empire by subordinating the East.

The fourth Eurasian epochal cycle is started by the revolutionary stage: 323-281 BC the Diadochian wars. The emergence of the system of Hellenistic states, countervailing Rome in the Mediterranean region. India: 268-231 BC Asoka. Buddhism the official religion.

The involutionary stage of the fourth cycle: near 200 BC Ecclesiast: «What took place is taking place now, what will take place has already taken place». Rome: 201 BC the victory over Carthage. 196 BC Rome politically subordinated Greece, though the conquerors were conquered by the Greek culture, which favored the process of consolidation of the European civilization.

The co-evolutionary stage of the mentioned epochal cycle is identified with the beginning of the crisis of the Roman Republic 133-131 BC the Civil wars. 153-121 BC Gaius Gracchus an attempt of the agricultural reform. 101-44 BC Gaius Julius Caesar. The incursions of Germanic tribes.

The conclusion of the fourth epochal cycle is connected with the submission of Hellenistic states to Rome in 66-62 BC. Pompey the campaign to the East. The submission of Judaea to Rome.

The fifth Eurasian epochal cycle may be schematically presented in the following way. The revolutionary stage of the cycle began with the Romes transformation into the «world superpower». 374 BC Herod I the governor of Judaea. The beginning of the Christian calendar. 18-29 AD China: The revolt of the «Red brows». 68 AD Apostle Peter is executed. The persecution of the Christians in the Roman Empire.

The involutionary stage of the mentioned cycle is identified approximately with three centuries, approximately since the rule of Emperor Trajan (98-117 AD), when the Roman Empire reached the peak of its power and had regular trade contacts with China.

The egression of Eurasia from the normative condition of development and the beginning of the co-evolutionary stage is connected with the peripetias of «the Great migration of nations». 375 AD the incursion of Huns into Europe. 395 AD the Western Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire. 445 the campaigns of Attila (died in 453 AD). 449 AD the beginning of invasion of the British Isles by the Anglo-Saxons. Byzantine Empire: 482-565 AD the rule of Justinian. 481-511 AD Chlodwig, the king of Franks. Besides the Great migration of nations, the most important events of this stage of the cycle are connected with the entrance of a new world religion, Islam, to the historical stage (570-632 AD Mohammed, the 20th of September, 622 the beginning of Islamic Chronology) and with the «awakening» of the Slavs (623-658 the state of Samo on the territory of the contemporary Czechia and Moravia in the struggle against the Avar khanate). 661-750 the Caliphate of Omayyads. (The control over the territory from Central Asia to Spain). 618-906 China: the Dynasty of Tang. 645-858 Japan: the emperorship. 726-843 Byzantine Empire: iconomachy.

The evolutionary stage of the fifth Eurasian epochal cycle is identified with the rule of Carolus Magnus (768-814), who was the virtual emperor of Western Europe since 800. 756 the papal States (Vatican) were created. Rus: 862-879 Rurik. The influence of the Varangians. 863 AD Cyril and Methodius, the creation of the Slavic writing. 864 AD Bulgaria accepted the Christianity. 843 AD Verdun: the division of the Empire of Carolus Magnus (France, Italy, Germany). 966 AD Poland: Latin Christianity, 988 AD Rus Byzantine Christianity. 1054 AD Pope Leo IX and Constantinopolitan patriarch Michael Cerullary laid anathema upon each other. The split: the Catholic and the Orthodox. 1071 AD the defeat of Byzantine Empire in the battle with Turks-Seljucks near Manazkert. 1077 AD Canossa. Henry IV Gregorius VII the war between the civil and the spiritual authorities for the investiture.

The evolutionary stage of the fifth epochal cycle comprises eight crusades (1096-1270) that culturally lifted European monarchies to the level of development of West Asian nations and, at the same time, spiritually prepared West Europeans to the period of the Great colonial seizures of XVII-XIX centuries. In the Asian part of Eurasia, the evolutionary stage of the epochal cycle is connected with the rise and decline of the Mongol domination.

1155-1227 Temuchin (Chingiskhan).

1237-1240 Mongol campaigns to Russia.

1274 Khublai: the attempt to invade Japan.

1279-1368 China: the Mongol Empire Yuan.

1206-1526 the Delhi Sultanate.

1250-1517 the Mamelukes: Egypt, Syria.

The sixth Eurasian epochal cycle began with the Early Renaissance in Italy: 1304-1374 Francesco Petrarca; 1313-1375 Jiovanni Boccaccio. 1378-1449 the great split in the Catholic Church. 1380 the Kulikovo battle. The beginning of the growth of the Moscowian czardom. The Hundred Years war between England and France. 1410-1431 Joan of Arc. 1453 the fall of Constantinople. 1440 Johann Gutenberg: the technology of printing. 1371-1415 Jan Hus. The beginning of the Reformation in Europe. 1492 the «discovery» of America by Columbus. 1517 Luther theses. 1541 the victory of Calvin in Geneva. 1556-1598 Philip II the Spanish. 1581 the independence of the Netherlands (1648). 1520-1566 Suleyman I Kanuni.

The blossom of the Ottoman Empire. The involutionary phase of the cycle comprises practically the 17th century, when Europe changed the rhythm of historical development of numerous nations of Asia, Africa, America by its colonial seizures. 1618-1648 the Thirty Years war between the Catholic and the Protestant unions in Europe. The genesis of the system of the European balance. 1683 the defeat of the Turks near Vienna. The beginning of a decline of the Ottoman Empire (till 1918). The transition from the normative to transitive condition at the co-evolutionary stage of the cycle is connected with the European epoch of Enlightenment. 1700-1721 the Northern War. The transformation of Russia to the Eurasian empire. 1756-1763 the Seven Years War that spread from Europe to the British and French colonies. 1789-1794 the Great French Revolution. 1848-1849 bourgeois-democratic revolutions in Europe. 1868 the Meiji» reforms in Japan. 1908 the Young Turkish revolution. 1911 Sin-Hai Revolution in China. 1917-1921 Revolution in Russia.

The evolutionary stage of the sixth Eurasian epochal cycle is connected with the process of «globalization» and «modernization» of the entire Eurasian area. 1914-1918 the First World War. 1929-1933 the Great Depression. 1939-1945 the Second World War. 1949-1989 «the cold war». 1958 the creation of the European Economic Community. 1978 reforms in the Peoples Republic of China. 1985-1991 the «perestroika» in the USSR. 1979 the Islamic revolution in Iran. 1990-1991 the disintegration of the USSR and Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. 1999 the operation of the NATO in Kosovo.

7.2. America

Unlike Eurasia, America has no such number of epochal cycles. The beginning of the first of them is connected with the ancient state formations in South America (1800-1500 BC Peru). The revolutionary phase of the cycle is identified with the migration of nations on the continent (near 1100 BC). Maya. 1200 BC 400 BC the Chovine culture in Peru. 4th century BC 8th century AD the culture of Nasca (Peru).

The involutionary phase of the cycle on the boundary of our era is connected with the immanent development of the civilization of Maya (Northern Yucatan). The middle of the X century the struggle between the Maya and Toltec. 1000 AD the Vikings in Greenland, near 1200 AD the Cusco valley. The overcoming of the normative condition is connected with the discovery of America by Columbus. The co-evolutionary stage started since 1492. 1438-1463 Sapa Inca. 1490 intestine feuds between the Incans: Uaskar agains

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