Семантическое поле страха на основе произведения Стивена Кинга Цикл оборотня

Информация - Психология

Другие материалы по предмету Психология

Для того чтобы скачать эту работу.
1. Подтвердите что Вы не робот:
2. И нажмите на эту кнопку.
закрыть



окрашенных лексических единиц и различных литературных средств выразительности позволяют автору создать определенный психологический фон и атмосферу страха.

Как показано на примере произведения Стивена Кинга Цикл оборотня, семантическое поле страха данного произведения построено на использовании лексических средств выражения страха синонимическим рядом слов, обладающих общими семантическими признаками, которые и образовали функционально-семантическое поле страха данного произведения: это абстрактные имена существительные и их производные (по классификации Вердиевой З. Н.), имеющие лексико-семантическое значение состояния (fear), качества (dread), количества (terror, horror) и действия (panic). Кроме того, Стивеном Кингом использованы литературные средства (апозиопезис, повторение, персонификация и т д), которые позволяют показать эмоциональное состояние, выразить недосказанность, которая предоставляет читателю возможность додумывать, предсказывать появление опасности или ее степень, выстраивать ассоциации о возможном развитии событий и собственной реакции, показывать появление неожиданного и непредсказуемого и т.п. Таким образом, комплексное использование лексических и литературных средств позволило С. Кингу создать психологический фон и атмосферу страха и тревожного ожидания опасности, используя такие понятия как одиночество, предательство, смерть, неизвестность, мистика. C помощью литературных средств психологического и философского подтекста автор формирует семантическое поле страха и воздействует на читателя, заставляя его почувствовать свои страхи и задуматься над происходящим, над вопросами существования Добра и Зла.

В заключении можно сказать, что задачи изучения условий возникновения страха, его механизмов и наиболее частых форм проявления, рассмотрение понятия семантического поля и его роли в создании композиционно-речевых форм и выявлении лексических и литературных средств выражения страха, а также определении их роли в создании семантического поля страха в произведении Стивена Кинга Цикл оборотня выполнены. Это позволяет сделать вывод о том, что цель работы исследовать употребление различных лексических и стилистических средств для создания семантического поля страха в произведении Стивена Кинга Цикл оборотня достигнута.

 

 

 

ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ

Разные словари дают следующее определение к слову fear:

 

[s] 3 fear1 n [C,U] 1 an unpleasant feeling of being frightened or worried that something bad is going to happen: The boy's eyes were full of fear. \ McCarthy exploited deep-seated fears about communism among the American people. | [+ of] fear of flying \ My fear of dentists dates back to when I was a child. \ [+ for] fears for the future \ fear that/ears that his wife might leave him \ in fear (=feeling afraid) He thought he heard something and glanced round in fear. \ live in fear of (=always be afraid of) Ordinary people live in fear of being arrested by the secret police. \ in fear of your life (=feeling afraid that you may be killed) | sb's fears are unfounded (=there is no reason for someone to feel afraid or worried) My fears for their safety proved unfounded. 2 for fear of/for fear that because you are worried that you will make something happen: Helen didnt want to get out of bed, for fear of waking her husband. 3 no fear! BrE informal often humorous used to say that you are definitely not going to do something: "Are you going to Bill's party tonight?" "No fear!" 4 put the fear of God into sb informal to make someone feel that they must do something by telling them what will happen if they do not do it: The Italian manager must have put the fear of God into his team. 5 there's no fear of used to say that something will definitely not happen: There's no fear of him changing his mind. 6 without fear or favour formal in a fair way: to enforce the law without fear or favour

fear2 v [T] 1 a word meaning to feel frightened or worried that something bad may happen: Fearing another earthquake, local officials ordered an evacuation. \ fear that Einstein feared that other German scientists would build a nuclear bomb first. \ fear to do sth formal (=be afraid to do something) Women feared to go out at night. 2 fear the worst to think that the worst possible thing has happened or might happen: When Tom heard about the accident he immediately feared the worst. 3 to be afraid of someone and what they might do because they are very powerful: The general manager was greatly feared by all his subordinates. 4 fear for to feel worried about someone because you think they might be in danger: fear for sb's safety/life Mary feared for her son's safety. /fear for sb\He feared for his children. 5 I fear formal used when telling someone that you think that something bad has happened or is true: I fear (that) I fear that we may be too late, Holmes. \ I fear so/I fear not: "Is she very ill?" "I fear so." 6 fear not/never fear formal used to tell someone not to worry: Never fear, he'll be with us soon.

fear-ful adj 1 formal frightened that something might happen: [+ of] The defenders are fearful of another attack. \ fearful that fearful that the disease may strike again 2 BrE extremely bad be in a fearful state/condition/mess The room was in a fearful state. 3 old use [only before noun] frightening: fearful shapes in the darkness fearfulness n [U]

fear-ful-ly adv 1 in a way that shows you are afraid: She glanced fearfully over her shoulder. 2 [+ adj/adv] old-fashioned extremely: She's fearfully clever.

fear-some adj very frightening to look at: a woman of fearsome dimensions (Longman dictionary)

 

Fear n.

  1. A feeling of agitation and anxiety caused by the presence or imminence of danger.
  2. A state or condition marked by this feeling: living in fear.
  3. A feeling of disquiet or apprehension: a fear of looking foolish.
  4. Extreme reverence or awe, as toward a supreme power.
  5. A reason for dread or apprehension: Being alone is my greatest fear.

v. feared, fearing, fears v. tr.

  1. To be afraid or frightened of.
  2. To be uneasy or apprehensive about: feared the test results.
  3. To be in awe of; revere.
  4. To consider probable; expect: I fear you are wrong. I fear I have bad news for you.
  5. Archaic. To feel fear within (oneself).

v. intr.

  1. To be afraid.
  2. To be uneasy or apprehensive.

[Middle English fer, from Old English fr, danger, sudden calamity.]

fearer n.

Synonyms: fear, fright, dread, terror, horror, panic, alarm, dismay, consternation, trepidation
These nouns denote the agitation and anxiety caused by the presence or imminence of danger. Fear is the most general term: “Fear is the parent of cruelty” (J.A. Froude). Fright is sudden, usually momentary, great fear: In my fright, I forgot to lock the door. Dread is strong fear, especially of what one is powerless to avoid: His dread of strangers kept him from socializing. Terror is intense, overpowering fear: “And now at the dead hour of the night, amid the dreadful silence of that old house, so strange a noise as this excited me to uncontrollable terror” (Edgar Allan Poe). Horror is a combination of fear and aversion or repugnance: Murder arouses widespread horror. Panic is sudden frantic fear, often groundless: The fire caused a panic among the horses. Alarm is fright aroused by the first realization of danger: I watched with alarm as the sky darkened. Dismay robs one of courage or the power to act effectively: The rumor of war caused universal dismay. Consternation is often paralyzing, characterized by confusion and helplessness: Consternation gripped the city as the invaders approached. Trepidation is dread characteristically marked by trembling or hesitancy: “They were... full of trepidation about things that were never likely to happen” (John Morley).

Word History: Old English fr, the ancestor of our word fear, meant “calamity, disaster,” but not the emotion engendered by such an event. This is in line with the meaning of the prehistoric Common Germanic word *fraz, “danger,” which is the source of words with similar senses in other Germanic languages, such as Old Saxon and Old High German fr, “ambush, danger,” and Old Icelandic fr, “treachery, damage.” Scholars have determined the form and meaning of Germanic *fraz by working backward from the forms and the meanings of its descendants. The most important cause of the change of meaning in the word fear was probably the existence in Old English of the related verb fran, which meant “to terrify, take by surprise.” Fear is first recorded in Middle English with the sense “emotion of fear” in a work composed around 1290.

 

При просмотре словаря тезауруса выявился следующий ряд синонимов:

860.FEAR.'N. fear, timidity, diffidence, apprehensiveness, Tearfulness, solicitude, anxiety, care, apprehension, misgiving, mistrust, suspicion, qualm; hesitation.

trepidation, flutter, fear and trembling, perturbation, tremor, quivering, shaking, trembling, palpitation, nervousness, restlessness, disquietude, funk [colloq.].

fright, alarm, dread, awe, terror, horror, dismay, consternation, panic, scare; stampede [of horses].

intimidation,