Английский язык

Ex. 13 Переведите на русский язык: May I come in? May I see the menu, please? May I take your earphones? May I wait

Английский язык

Методическое пособие

Иностранные языки

Другие методички по предмету

Иностранные языки

Сдать работу со 100% гаранией

Лекции

(краткий курс)

Основные правила для начинающих

 

 

Кафедра иностранных языков

 

 

 

 

аНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

 

Unit 1

 

1. Личные местоимения

Единственное числоМножественное числоI я

you ты

he он

she она

it он, она, оно (о неодушевленных предметах)we мы

you вы

they они

2. Глагол to be в простом настоящем времени

 

Утвердительная формаВопросительная формаОтрицательная формаI am (Im) in Kiev.

 

You are (youre) in Kiev.

 

He (she) is (hes, shes) in Kiev.

We are (were) in Kiev.

 

You are (youre) in Kiev.

 

They are (theyre) in Kiev.Am I in Kiev?

 

Are you in Kiev?

 

Is he (she) in Kiev?

 

Are we in Kiev?

 

Are you in Kiev?

Are they in Kiev?I am not (Im not) in Kiev.

You are not (arent) in Kiev.

He (she) is not (isnt) in Kiev.

You are not (arent) in Kiev.

You are not (arent) in Kiev.

They are not (arent) in Kiev.

Краткие ответы на вопросы

- Are you in London?

 

- Is he (she) in London?

 

- Are they in London?- Yes, I am.

- No, I am not (Im not).

- Yes, he (she) is.

- No, he (she) is not (isnt).

- Yes, they are.

- No, they are not (arent).

 

Ex.1 Составите предложения:

1. I

He

She

We

You

Theyre

s

m

arent

m not

isnta teacher

a businessman

in Moscow

in Russia

Russian

Ukranian2. Are

Am

Ishe

she

you

we

Iin Moscow?

a businessman?

Estonian?

in Minsk?

a teacher of English?

3. The Present Indefinite Tense (простое настоящее время)

 

Утвердительная формаВопросительная формаОтрицательная формаI work on Omsk.

 

You work in Omsk.

 

He (she) works in Omsk.

 

We work in Omsk.

 

You work in Omsk.

 

They work in Omsk.Do I work in Omsk?

 

Do you work in Omsk?

 

Does he (she) work in Omsk?

Do we work in Omsk?

Do you work in Omsk?

 

Do they work in Omsk?I do not (dont) work in Omsk.

You do not (dont) work in Omsk.

he (she) does not (doesnt) work in Omsk.

We do not (dont) work in Omsk.

You do not (dont) work in Omsk.

They do not (dont) work in Omsk.

Краткие ответы на вопросы

- Do you live in Ottawa?

 

- Does he (she) live in Ottawa?

 

- Do they live in Ottawa?- Yes, I do.

- No, I do not (dont)

- Yes, he (she) does.

- No, he (she) does not (doesnt).

- Yes, they do.

- No, they do not (dont).

 

Ex. 7 Составьте предложения:

1. You

I

he

She

We

Theylive

works

speaks

speak

dont work

doesnt speak

dont live

doesnt workEnglish

in Moscow

in Russia

Russian

in Novosibirsk2. Do

Doesshe

we

he

they

youwork

live

speak

in Tumenj?

in Moscow?

English?

Russian?

German?

French?

4. The Present Continuous Tense (настоящее продолженное время)

 

Утвердительная формаВопросительная формаОтрицательная формаI am learning English.

 

You are (youre) learning English.

He (she) is learning English.

We are (were) learning English.Am I learning English?

 

Are you learning English?

 

Is he (she) learning English?

Are we learning English?I am not (Im not) learning English.

You are not (arent) learning English.

He (she) is not (isnt) learning English.

We are not (arent) learning English.

Краткие ответы на вопросы

- Are you learning French?

 

- Is he (she) learning French?

 

- Are they learning French?- Yes, I am.

- No, I am not (Im not).

- Yes, he (she) is.

- No, he (she) is not (isnt).

- Yes, they are.

- No, they are not (arent).

 

5. Артикли

 

He is a visitor.

They are __visitors.

The visitor is in the office.

The visitors are __ English teachers.

Артикли не употребляются:

1. если перед существительным есть притяжательные местоимения

It is my office.

2. перед большинством названий стран

He lives in France.

3. перед именами людей

My name is Ann. My name is Ann Brown.

5. перед существительными, после которых идет номер или индекс

Lesson One, Unit Two

6. в некоторых сочетаниях

to go on business, to be on business

Неопределенный артикль определенный артикль

Неопределенный артикль употребляется с существительными в единственном числе:

It is an office.

It is a big office.Определенный артикль употребляется с существительными в единственном и множественном числе: He is at the office now.

They are at the offices now.

Две формы неопределенного артикля

aana man

a lessonan office

an Englishman

6. Притяжательные местоимения

 

Личные местоименияСоответствующие притяжательные местоименияI

you

he

she

it

we

you

theymy

your

his

her

its

our

your

their .

7. Объектный падеж личных местоимений

 

Личные местоименияПритяжательные местоименияОбъектный падеж личных местоименийI

you

he

she

it

we

you

theymy

your

his

her

its

our

your

theirme

you

him

her

it

us

you

them

8. Конструкция there is / there are

 

Утвердительная формаВопросительная форма краткие ответыОтрицательная формаThere is a chair in the corner.

 

 

There are two chairs in the corner.Is there a chair in the corner?

- Yes, there is (one).

- No, there isnt any.

Are there any chairs in the corner?

- Yes, there are some.

- No, there arent any.There is no chair in the corner.

There isnt any chair in the corner.

There are no chairs in the corner.

There arent any chairs in the corner.

 

Unit 2

 

  1. Модальный глагол can

 

I can drive.

I cannot drive.

Can you drive?

Can you come tomorrow?

Can you bring us the bill, please?

Can I have the bill, please?

 

Can I see the menu, please?Я могу (умею) водить машину.

Я не умею водить машину.

Вы можете (умеете) водить машину,

Вы можете (не можете) прийти завтра?

Вы не принесете счет?

Вы можете принести счет,

Принесите, пожалуйста, счет.

Можно посмотреть меню?

Утвердительная формаВопросительная форма Отрицательная формаI can meet him.

You can meet him.

 

He (she) can meet him.

 

We can meet him.

 

You can meet him.

 

They can meet him.Can I meet him?

Can you meet him?

 

Can he (she) meet him?

 

Can we meet him?

 

Can you meet him?

 

Can they meet him?I cannot (can't) meet him.

You cannot (can't) meet him.

He (she) cannot (can't) meet him.

We cannot (can't) meet him.

You cannot (can't) meet him.

They cannot (can't) meet him.

 

  1. Модальный глагол Should

 

1. You should wait a little.

 

2. You should not smoke so much.

Вы должны немного подождать. (Вам следует немного подождать.)

Вы не должны так много курить. (Вам не следует так много курить.)

 

3. The Past Indefinite Tense (простое прошедшее время)

 

Утвердительная формаВопросительная формаОтрицательная формаI opened the door.

 

You opened the door.

 

 

He (she) opened the door.

 

 

 

 

We opened the door.

 

 

You opened the door.

 

 

They opened the door.Did I open the door?

- Yes, I did.

- No, I did not (didnt).

Did you open the door?

- Yes, you did.

- No, you did not (didnt).

Did he (she) open the door?

- Yes, he (she) did.

- No, he (she) did not (didnt).

Did we open the door?

- Yes, we did.

- No, we did not (didnt).

Did you open the door?

Похожие работы

1 2 3 > >>