Разное

  • 161. Adema
    Доклад пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Поначалу Крис не хотел расставаться со своим предыдущим коллективом, но когда Марк и компания приперлись к нему домой и сыграли пару своих вещей, то он быстренько изменил свое решение. С приходом Колса популярность группы начала стремительно расти, и вскоре на "Adema" начали обращать внимание звукозаписывающие компании. В 2001 году музыканты заключили контракт с "Arista records" и отправились в одну из студий северной Калифорнии, чтобы приступить к интенсивным сессиям дебютного альбома. Продюсировать пластинку взялись Тобиас Миллер и Билл Эпплберри. Вначале в студии царила неразбериха, музыканты нервничали и переругивались друг с другом, но после записи первой песни "Givin in" парни почувствовали сплоченность и дело пошло на лад.

  • 162. Advantages and disadvantages of television
    Статья пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Television is one of the greatest achievements of the 20-th century. It is the most popular part of mass media. Today every family has a TV-set. TV has changed much since the time of its invention and so has its role. There have been numerous debates concerning advantages and disadvantages of television. When TV first appeared its main purpose was to give official information to people. It was supported by the government. Now television plays a big role in every civilised society. Today television gives people a possibility to be well informed and enjoy "civilised pleasures." The programmes are various and people have a chance to select what they want to see. Television provides great opportunities for education. There are programmes devoted to specialised subjects. With the help of TV it is possible to learn foreign languages, to know a lot of wonderful things concerning the world flora and fauna. TV teaches the ideals of democracy and political argument. Watching television can be compared with reading books. It provides an outlet for creative talents. By the beginning of the 21-st century TV became a coloured world network. Numerous programmes people can receive by satellite or cable. The choice of the channels ranges from six to twenty. These channels show programmes of various kinds from documentaries, current events and sports to programmes American films and science fiction cartoons. Now this medium of communication allows people to see and speak with each other if they are separated by thousands of kilometres. TV bridges between Russia and the USA once were very popular. They showed that TV was a unifying force and that our planet in reality is a small world. Previously innovations were promoted on TV. TV shocked, surprised and stimulated. It brought ballet, opera, and theatre to big masses of people. It was even in the vanguard of new drama. Moreover, TV can keep children quiet. If they are noisy their mothers turn on the set. If people do not like TV they do not buy it or switch it off.

  • 163. Advantages and disadvantages of TV
    Статья пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    We talk to various people from different countries about their attitudes about TV. Does TV educate or stimulate? Or it is a drug or tranquilizer used to control the population. There are some views, e.g. “TV has been the greatest instrument of social democracy in Western European socialites”, - said Mr. Smith from British film institute. Some people disagree, 90 % of TV programmes in some countries are foreign. And some people think and feel, that TV has disrupted local culture and social ties. Why do developing countries introduce TV? Perhaps government do it for prestige, to show that they have introduced new technology into their societies. Another possible reason is that political leaders want their people to see them on TV.

  • 164. Advertisement
    Статья пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    I want to refute your suggestion with reference to believe that advertising is needed nowadays. Dont you know that economists tend to argue that if we dont have advertising there wouldnt be such a wide choice of things to buy? I know that for the moment this is a global problem that many papers and TV-providers are over and over again criticized by public because of advertisements. However, I cant be in agreement with these people. Advertising helps people easily to find the right product from the thousands of them, which obeys to their necessities. You may see what you need along with buying in newspapers and magazines, posters and small ads or in commercials on TV, even being at home, than hourly go shopping and to return home without anything plus wasting your expensive time. Advertisements are made for the most comfort and simplicity of the people. I dont think like you Max that advertising makes things more expensive, to the contrary money are spending on improving quality and making things cheaper. This is a dreadful mistake calling ads, as rubbish in our life. You must not think of misleading of the ads, but to trust and belief it in real. I think sometime itll be so and this will be the best and the finest times, which one ever were.

  • 165. Advertisement as a service
    Статья пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    The public advertising seen on street hoardings, railway stations and buildings makes peoples life more joyful. Moreover, all those small ads in the press concerning “employment”, “education” and “For sale and wanted” columns, help ordinary people to find a better job or a better employee, to sell or to buy their second-hand things and find services, or learn about educational facilities, social events such as, concerts, theatre plays, football matches, and to announce births, marriages and deaths. Thus despite our dissatisfaction when being bombarded by all the advertisers information we must admit that they do perform a useful service to society, and advertisements are an essential part of our everyday life.

  • 166. Advertising
    Статья пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Generally speaking, there are a lot of means to make products popular, but it is evident, that the businesses need to advertise; otherwise no-one would learn of the existence of their wares or services. In part, advertising is aimed at conveying necessary information to customers and clients, but it is also used to persuade the public to buy Your product or service. The mastery of performing both of these tasks is called the art of advertising and it requires a basic understanding of psychology, the needs of human beings and how they can be satisfied. And this often becomes the area in which advertising is criticized, because of misleading and false advertisements. Although, to make untrue statements about goods, services or prices is prohibited by the law and ethics of advertising. But advertisers need to create a demand and to raise sales. That is why they are ready to use any innovation to meet their objectives. For instance, by using certain frequencies of TV signals, the viewers subconscious can be greatly influenced or even programmed to desired actions.

  • 167. Advertising in our Life
    Информация пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    The word “advertising” comes from the French word "reclame". Advertising if to speak a simple language, serves to notify in various ways (sometimes all available) the new goods or services and their consumer properties, and is directed to the potential consumer, paid by the sponsor and serves for promotion of its production and ideas. Advertising is a part of communication activity of a firm, alongside with publicity and stimulation of selling. Advertising unessentially imposes the goods on the buyer. Sometimes it simply forces to recollect the last concrete mark or the name of the goods or service when the customer makes the choice. At the beginning the consumer decides to choose from what, and already then what mark to prefer, on the basis of the representation about it, a stereotype or a developed image of concrete mark of the goods or service. There are a lot of definitions of the word “advertising”. For example, advertising is collective term for public announcements designed to promote the sale of specific commodities or services. Advertising is a form of mass selling, employed when the use of direct, person-to-person selling is impractical, impossible, or simply inefficient. It is to be distinguished from other activities intended to persuade the public, such as propaganda, publicity, and public relations. Advertising techniques range in complexity from the publishing of simple, straightforward notices in the classified advertising columns of newspapers to the concerted use of newspapers, magazines, television, radio, internet and other communication media in the course of a single advertising campaign. In the US alone in the late 1980s approximately $120 billion was spent in a single year on advertising to influence the purchase of commodities and services.

  • 168. Aerosmith
    Доклад пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Одна из наиболее популярных американских хард-роковых групп, "Aerosmith" была сформирована в 1970 году, когда вокалист Стивен Тайлер (Стивен Виктор Талларико, р. 26 марта 1948 года, Нью-Йорк) повстречал Джо Перри (Энтони Джозеф Перри, р. 10 сентября 1950 , Бостон, США; гитара). Перри, тогда игравший в "Jam band", пригласил Тайлера (к тому времени уже выпустившего один сингл "When I Needed You", со своей командой "Chain Reaction" и другой, "You Should Have Been Here Yesterday", с "William Proud And The Strangeurs") присоединиться к его " Cream"-подобному проекту. Состав был укомплектован коллегой Перри по "Jam band" Томом Хамилтоном (р. 31 декабря 1951, Колорадо Спрингс, США; бас) и новичками Джоем Крамером (р. 21 июня 1950, Нью-Йорк, США; ударные) и Рэем Табано (гитара), который, однако, вскоре был заменен Брэдом Уитфордом (р. 23 февраля 1952, Винчестер, США). После их первого концерта в "Nipmuc Regional High School", группа решила взять себе имя "Aerosmith".

  • 169. After crying
    Доклад пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Теперь коллектив приступил к созданию монументальных симфо-проговых композиций, что вылилось в интереснейший глобальный 74-минутный альбом "De Profundis". В том же 1996-м к десятилетию группы вышел двойник "Elso Evtized" ("First decade"), включавший ранее нереализованные записи и ремастерированные треки с предыдущих пластинок. Присутствовала здесь и знаменитая "21st Century Schizoid Man" от " King Crimson". Следующее творение под номером "6" стало радикальным шагом вперед. Если раньше музыканты бережно обращались с классикой, то теперь они заставили ее звучать в современной обработке, а венгерские народные песни стали больше похоже на англосаксонские гимны.

  • 170. Agatha Christie
    Статья пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Agatha Christie was sure the worlds best selling crime writer. Moreover, she was an immensely prolific writer. 79 shot stories, 4 non-fiction ones and 19 plays were written by that strange woman. They were translated into 136 languages. Over 3 billion books by Agatha Christie were sold worldwide. She is popular for ingenuity of plots, which are classical murder mysteries: marooned places and a well-mannered murderer. Her way to present the stories was quite definite from that of her colleagues. At first her stories appealed to the readers detective inside, so you cant find much blood and violence in her stories.

  • 171. Agathocles
    Доклад пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Концерты становились все более частыми, причем коллектив порой составлял компанию таким брутальщикам как " Napalm death", " Pestilence", "Extreem", "Distress" и прочим. Начиная с 1988 года "Agathocles" начали плодить свои многочисленные EP-шники и сплиты, так модные у гриндкорщиков. В состав группы кроме Яна и Эрвина тогда входили Якке (гитара) и Ронни (бас). Вскоре коллектив пополнился еще одним гитаристом по имени Гай. Прошло еще немного времени, как Ронни куда-то свалил и за басуху взялся Якке. И все равно к 1990 году из старичков остался только один Ян. Себе на подмогу он взял пару гриндкорщиков из другой бельгийской банды "Necrosis" Доминго (гитара) и Берта (ударные).

  • 172. Agnostic Front
    Доклад пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Кстати, большинство текстов, как на этом, так и на предыдущем релизе было написано Питом Стилом из "Carnivore". Из-за крайне правых взглядов Стила группе потом пришлось отбиваться от обвинений в фашизме. Тем временем состав продолжал флуктуировать к 1987 году вместе со Стигмой и Майретом в команде играли Стив Мартин (гитара), Алан Петерс (бас) и Уилл Шелпер (ударные). С ростом популярности отношения между лидерами "Agnostic front" стали напряженными и Винни и Роджер на какое-то время разбегались в разные стороны. Однако в итоге они вновь оказались вместе, и группа записала альбом "Liberty And Justice". Пластинка получилась неплохой, хотя у Майрета к тому времени начались проблемы с наркотиками. Из-за своего пагубного пристрастия в 1989-м он на полтора года загремел за решетку.

  • 173. Agriculture in the USA
    Информация пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Отличительная особенность финансирования экономики США, заключается в том, что средства из федерального бюджета в первую очередь размещаются по целевым программам, которые имеют национальную важность. Так в агроиндустриальном комплексе на федеральном уровне работают две программы это: " Стабилизация Доходов " и " Наука, и научная служба ". Помимо них имеется более 10 межотраслевых целевых программ национальной важности, обеспечивающие интересы сельского хозяйства и фермеров, работают на федеральном уровне. В них входят охрана почвы и программа, связанная с отбором почв, продовольствие, помогающее нуждающемуся населению, маркетинг и инспекционное социальное развитие сельских районов. Бюджетные средства распределены согласно этими программам, суммировались и размещались в соответствии с отраслью федерального бюджета сельского хозяйства США. Его основная часть (более 80 %) контролируется Министерство сельского хозяйства США через товарное кредитование корпорации (GCC), а так же через другие органы финансового кредитования. Оставшиеся 20 % средств распределены между государственными и местные органами управления. Приблизительно 60% всех бюджетных расходов США это расходы необходимые для реализации программ стабилизации дохода фермера, а также расходы на социальную - благотворительную поддержку нуждающимся фермерам, почти 10 % распределены на программы связанные с развитием деревни на государственном и региональном уровне, приблизительно 5 % тратятся на научные исследования и научные службы, 25 % - на социальные цели и цели связанные с национальной безопасностью. Таким образом, 3/4 затрат бюджета отводятся сельскому хозяйству Америки, вкладываясь в регулирование производства фермы и 1/4 часть уходит на социальные нужды.

  • 174. A-ha
    Доклад пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Время для подобной музыки было самое подходящее, и в течение 1985 года трио аккуратно пожинало лавры, не так давно принадлежавшие " Duran Duran" и "Wham!". С их точеной симпатичной внешностью, мягкими манерами и экзотическими скандинавскими акцентами, группа по-видимому просто не могла делать "неправильную" музыку. Следующим хитом "A-ha" стала композиция "The Sun Always Shines On TV", достигшая вершины английских чартов и попавшая в американский Топ 20. После этого группа предприняла мировое турне и произвела на свет кучу других хитов, таких как "Train Of Thought", "Hunting High And Low", "I've Been Losing You" и "Cry Wolf". В 1987 году Пал Ваактаар был уполномочен написать саундтрек к фильму о Джеймсе Бонде "The Living Daylights" с Джоном Барри.

  • 175. Aids in Africa
    Доклад пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    To help in preventing AIDS, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, in his speech at UN conference for Least Developed Countries, proposed to organize a global AIDS fund to sponsor the fight against AIDS. The worlds wealthy nations are allegedly holding off donations to a proposed UN global health fund, arguing, there are not enough guarantees that the money would be spend correctly, the Associated Press said on May 19, 2001. Reporting from the UN conference for Least Developed Countries in Brussels, AP said that "many countries" remained skeptical about UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan's proposed US $7-10 billion fund to fight the spread of AIDS and other infectious diseases. It quoted Poul Nielson, the European Union's (EU) development commissioner as asking: "What will this fund do better than what we are doing now?". "If we are just talking about a global AIDS fund, we will not participate. It is too narrow," he added. The EU reportedly wants the fund to include other transmittable diseases and tie it to providing cheaper drugs for poorer countries.

  • 176. AIDS IN AFRICA (СПИД в Африке)
    Информация пополнение в коллекции 09.12.2008

    To help in preventing AIDS, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, in his speech at UN conference for Least Developed Countries, proposed to organize a global AIDS fund to sponsor the fight against AIDS. The worlds wealthy nations are allegedly holding off donations to a proposed UN global health fund, arguing, there are not enough guarantees that the money would be spend correctly, the Associated Press said on May 19, 2001. Reporting from the UN conference for Least Developed Countries in Brussels, AP said that "many countries" remained skeptical about UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan's proposed US $7-10 billion fund to fight the spread of AIDS and other infectious diseases. It quoted Poul Nielson, the European Union's (EU) development commissioner as asking: "What will this fund do better than what we are doing now?". "If we are just talking about a global AIDS fund, we will not participate. It is too narrow," he added. The EU reportedly wants the fund to include other transmittable diseases and tie it to providing cheaper drugs for poorer countries.

  • 177. Air contamination caused by human activity
    Статья пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Insertion into atmosphere or the creation of the chemical agents and substances caused by natural, and anthropogenous factors forms an air contamination. The natural sources of contamination of an atmosphere are volcanos, wood fires, dusty storms, a weathering etc. These factors do not threaten with negative consequences to natural ecosystems, except some catastrophic natural phenomena. For example, the eruption of a volcano Cracatao in 1883, when into atmosphere 18 km cubes of ashes powder were thrown out ; eruption of a volcano Catmay (Alaska) in the 1912 that had thrown out 20 km cubes of friable products. The ashes of these eruptions were spread over large part of the surface of the Earth and has caused the reduction of solar radiation by 10-20 % that accordingly has caused in northern hemisphere reduction of annual average temperature of air by 0.5 C.

  • 178. Air pollution
    Статья пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Smog or dust dome is most often formed when a layer of cool air is trapped beneath a layer of still warmer air. The mixture of benzopyrene ( a cancer causing substance that is produced by the evaporation of petrol), the waste of hydrocarbons, combined with nitrogen dioxide, oxygen, and sunlight produce the photochemical smog which can be recognized as the yellow cloud over every big city in the world. Besides that optical effect it causes an increase of ozone in the lower atmosphere and the health conditions of the particular organism living in such an area. For example, it is estimated that “Washington DC receives 10% less sunlight than at the begging of the century due to the shielding of atmospheric pollution.” The ozone enters the leaves of plants turning them brown and makes it difficult for plant to photosynthesize. In addition to that, it causes skin cancer on humans. Most seriously though, it increases the acidity of the rain which is mainly caused by the rise of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides that get caught up by clouds. All ready unpolluted rain is slightly acid due to dissolved carbon dioxide, but polluted rain may be very acidic. The effect of acid rain on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems can be very different. “In Scandinavia, which receives a high proportion of its air pollution from Britain, once productive lakes are now completely devoid of fish.” In addition to its direct effect on water, acid rain allows metal ions such as aluminum, which is highly toxic to fish, to be leached from the soil . Acid rain reduces the growth of trees and disables plants to photosynthesize which destroys them in the long term. It also reduces the activity of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. In the event of a nuclear accident or war, the main risks do lay only partly in the pollution of air and air as a carrier of the polluted particles. The main risks arise from inhalation of contaminant particles, fallout of radioactive isotopes on soil with subsequent incorporation into food, and contamination of water supplies. The outcome of all those pollutant factors are enormous. The smoke from car engines which contains lead, that causes brain damage in children, stinging eyes, damage of the lung, the death rate of 40.000 asthma patients every year, and the destruction of whole forests includes only a few examples of the effects of air pollution. There are many ways to control and reduce air pollution and it is not the lack of technology but the unwillingness of the humans to change their attitudes and life styles.

  • 179. Air Pollution in Russia
    Статья пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    Two capitals - Moscow and "The Northern Palmyra" - always drew special attention. The analysis shows that the City of St.-Petersburg is more cleaner than the City of Moscow. May be because it is smaller and may be, not in the last place, because the consumption of black oil as fuel was reduced in the thermal power stations (gas fuel makes 82%). Besides the Main State Sanitary Inspector prohibited importing into the city and selling of the ethylated gasoline. Thus still it is necessary to take into account, that in 2000 in the Northern Capital 67 facilities for the cleaning of atmosphere emissions were built and reconstructed and at the gasoline stations the systems of the gas-return are being installed - and this also decreases emissions. And for the Moscow this problem emission of polluting substances from the motor transport into the atmospheric air - remains one of the main problems.

  • 180. Alabama state
    Статья пополнение в коллекции 12.01.2009

    During the early 1500's Spanish explorers sailed along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. But Europeans were not seen in the interior of Alabama until 1540, when Hernando de Soto passed through with a band of well-armed soldiers. De Soto forced the peaceful Indians to provide him with food and servants, and his harsh methods stirred up resentment. When he reached the land governed by the gigantic Choctaw chieftain, Tuskaloosa, he ran into trouble. De Soto captured the chief and took him to the tribe's strongly fortified village. Here the Indians rose up to free their chief. For many hours the bloody battle raged. The Spanish soldiers slaughtered Indian men, women, and children alike. When the battle was over, the village was in ruins and its population was destroyed. De Soto's troops also suffered heavy losses. Later, in 1559, Spanish colonists started a settlement on Mobile Bay, but storms and other troubles caused the settlers to leave.